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a type of gymnastic exercise.
There are three types of vaulting in sports and in the circus: equestrian vaulting, gymnastic vaulting, and acrobatic vaulting. Equestrian vaulting is a compulsory part of training in horseback riding and is an independent type of equestrian sport. Gymnastic exercises are performed on a horse that is fitted with a special vaulting saddle and that moves around in a circle on a long rope at a trot or a gallop. In the circus equestrian vaulting is a separate act. Other circus acts include gymnastic vaulting—where gymnasts fly from one trapeze to another—and acrobatic vaulting—the performance (in an arena) of acrobatic exercises in which one of the acrobats is thrown by his partner into the air and returns again to his partner’s hands or shoulders.
in the circus, an equestrian act in which the rider executes acrobatic tricks while his horse jumps over various obstacles. Such acts have been included in circus programs since the first half of the 19th century.