venom

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venom

or

zootoxin,

any of a variety of poisonous substances produced by animals. In poisonous snakes, venom is secreted in two poison glands, one on each side of the upper jaw, and enters the fang by a duct. Snake venom is a complex substance, containing various enzymes and toxinstoxin,
poison produced by living organisms. Toxins are classified as either exotoxins or endotoxins. Exotoxins are a diverse group of soluble proteins released into the surrounding tissue by living bacterial cells. Exotoxins have specific reaction sites in the host; e.g.
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. Venoms differ in their effect according to the preponderance in them of hemotoxic, hemolytic, or neurotoxic agents. Hemotoxins perforate the blood vessels, causing hemorrhage, and hemolysins dissolve the red blood cells. The venom of the fer-de-lance is chiefly hemotoxic; that of the rattlesnake, the copperhead, and the moccasin is both hemotoxic and hemolytic. Neurotoxins produce paralysis, often of the nerve centers that control breathing, thus causing a quicker death from suffocation. Cobras, coral snakes, scorpions, and spiders produce neurotoxic venoms. The venom of the gaboon viper is both hemotoxic and neurotoxic. Venoms may also contain agglutinins, which promote coagulation of blood, or anticoagulants, which have the opposite effect. The venoms of various snakes have been used medicinally, according to their specific properties, as painkillers (in arthritis, cancer, and leprosy), antispasmodics (in epilepsy and asthma), and blood coagulants (in hemophilia). The venom of the Russell's viper has been used as a coagulant in tonsillectomies and for bleeding gums. The effect of any snakebitesnakebite,
wound inflicted by the teeth of a snake. The bite of a nonvenomous snake is rarely serious. Venomous snakes have fangs, hollow teeth through which poison is injected into a victim.
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 necessarily depends on the quantity and kind of toxin it contains, as well as on the resistance of the victim. Immune serum against snake venom, or antivenin, can be prepared by repeatedly injecting sublethal doses of venom into an animal such as the horse. The immune serum thereby produced in the animal can be extracted and used to treat snakebite victims. Poisons are produced by animal species of every phylum; examples include the poison in the rounded warts of the skin of toads, the venoms of spiders, scorpions, bees, and other arthropods, and the poison of jellyfish and other coelenterates. See also toxintoxin,
poison produced by living organisms. Toxins are classified as either exotoxins or endotoxins. Exotoxins are a diverse group of soluble proteins released into the surrounding tissue by living bacterial cells. Exotoxins have specific reaction sites in the host; e.g.
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.

Venom

(pop culture)
In many ways, Venom is the quintessential supervillain of comics' “grim and gritty” era of the 1980s. His grotesque appearance and violent character—a stronger, darker, more driven version Spider-Man—is an amped-up take on the darker view of superheroes that emerged in the wake of Watchmen and Dark Knight. And yet as bad as he is, Eddie (Venom) Brock is a wildly popular character who has teamed with many heroes and starred in his own series from time to time. Cunning and powerful, Venom sees himself as a hero who is trying to protect the innocent—he's even been known to champion the homeless of San Francisco. It's this duality—brute force and moral awareness, however twisted—that has given him a place in Spidey's all-time rogues' gallery. Venom's origin also plays to the strengths of Marvel Comics' convoluted continuity, going back four years before his first appearance. His story has two beginnings. One is that of Eddie Brock, an ambitious reporter for the Daily Bugle who was fired in a scandal after his big story—the identity of a villain named Sin-Eater—turned out to be wrong. He blamed his downfall on Peter Parker, aka Spider-Man. Meanwhile, Spider-Man had gone off to the interdimensional Secret War and returned with a new black costume, in Marvel Super Heroes Secret Wars #8 (1984). The costume turned out to be a powerful and evil alien symbiote, and after removing it, Spider-Man abandoned it. The symbiote also sought vengeance against Spider-Man, and was drawn to Brock, who was about to kill himself. The demented duo then bonded in a quest to see Spider- Man dead. Venom first appeared as the Brock/Symbiote character in The Amazing Spider-Man vol. 1 #298 (1988), by writer David Michelinie and artist Todd McFarlane, but his origin wasn't revealed until issue #300, in which he and Spidey had the first of many battles. Venom quickly caught on as a fan favorite, getting numerous return appearances and his own miniseries (the first of many) in 1993. Perhaps the best-known Venom story is 1993's “Maximum Carnage,” a fourteen-issue crossover epic in which Venom and Spider-Man teamed up to defeat Carnage, an even more savage version of Venom. In recent years, the symbiote has abandoned Brock as his host, and has been given to inhabiting many different people to suit its purposes, including a woman and a crime boss. Mac Gargan, better known as Spidey's foe the Scorpion, united with the Venom symbiote to become the new Venom in a 2005 Marvel Knights: Spider-Man story arc. Venom's original creative team is the subject of some confusion. Michelinie came up with the idea for the villain, and had planted several clues in issues preceding the character's debut in #298. It was McFarlane, however, who gave Venom his signature look of a gaping maw, a bank of razor-sharp teeth, and a long, serpentine tongue, extrapolating from Secret Wars artist Mike Zeck's original design for Spider-Man's black costume. An alternate version of the character, Ultimate Venom, has appeared in the Brian Michael Bendis–penned pages of Ultimate Spider-Man (2000–present). At the hands of artist Mark Bagley, Ultimate Venom became even more garish and long-tongued than in days past. Given his popularity, it's no surprise that Venom has appeared in almost every media, including the FOX Kids Spider-Man cartoon (1994–1998), voiced by Hank Azaria and collected as the DVD The Venom Saga, and numerous role-playing games and video games, including Venom-Spider-Man: Separation Anxiety. He also makes a terrific action figure (particularly the early 1990s “Talking Venom” from Toy Biz, which gave mothers nightmares by saying, “I want to eat your brains”). But Venom will perhaps achieve his greatest notoriety in the Sam Raimi–directed Spider-Man 3, with That '70s Show actor Topher Grace in the role.

venom

[′ven·əm]
(physiology)
Any of various poisonous materials secreted by certain animals, such as snakes or bees.

venom

a poisonous fluid secreted by such animals as certain snakes and scorpions and usually transmitted by a bite or sting
References in periodicals archive ?
Indeed, a study that examined venomous snakebite victims in southern California found the average age of snakebite victims was 24, and 85 percent of the bites occurred on the hands or fingers.
Mr Grove added: "They're really fascinating creatures and, since starting to work in the Reptile House, it's always been my goal to bring in venomous species and hopefully the aim is to increase this stock in the future.
Its name derives from its similar appearance to the far more venomous black widow spider, not found in Britain.
Many frog species can poison an animal that touches them, but true venomous animals actively deliver toxins.
Prima facie, it appears that the techies were not aware of Section 9 of the Wildlife ( Protection) Act, 1972, which states that possession of wild animals, including venomous snakes, at homes is an offence.
The animals were transported to the Bronx Zoo, and the owner was charged with several counts of illegal possession of live venomous reptiles because he lacked the necessary DEC license required to possess them.
Answers will vary, but some may say they are surprised that slow lorises are venomous because they're mammals.
Andrew Hamblin on charges of violating a state ban on possessing venomous snakes.
Venomous speech; problems with American political discourse on the right and left; 2v.
Summary: A Chinese village doctor has risked his own life to capture a venomous snake in Hunan Province.
An Australian teenager is hospitalized after being bitten by the world's most venomous snake, authorities said.