mandorla

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mandorla

(män`dôrlä), [Ital.,=almond], a medieval Christian artistic convention by which an oval or almond-shaped area or series of lines surrounds a deity, most commonly Jesus. The mandorla is thought to have derived from either Greek or Roman prototypes. Figures of deities were sometimes placed within semicircular outlines on Greek vases. The Romans surrounded portrait busts with medallions and shields. One of the earliest known uses of the mandorla in Christian iconographyiconography
[Gr.,=image-drawing] or iconology
[Gr.,=image-study], in art history, the study and interpretation of figural representations, either individual or symbolic, religious or secular; more broadly, the art of representation by pictures or images, which may or
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 occurs in the 5th-century mosaics in the church of Santa Maria Maggiore, Rome. The principal applications of the mandorla, also sometimes termed aureole or vesica pisces, were in paintings depicting the Transfiguration, the Ascension, the Last Judgment, the Harrowing of Hell, and in symbolic portrayals of the evangelists and Christ in Majesty. The Virgin Mary and the major angels were also shown enclosed in a mandorla. The convention, like that of the halo, was discontinued during the Renaissance. See nimbusnimbus
, in art, the luminous disk or circle or other indication of light around the head of a sacred personage. It was used in Buddhist and other Asian art and by the early Greeks and Romans to designate gods and heroes and appeared in Christian art in the 5th cent.
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mandorla, vesica piscis

An aureole, almond-shaped, depicted around the full form of a sacred person.
References in periodicals archive ?
6 Ventromedian projection of pygophore narrow but blunt at apex; dorsal conjunctival appendages large tapering gradually upward and thinly narrow at apex spine-like, vesica a little shorter than penial lobes.
17) Vesica Piscis is another term that describes the fish shape referred to here as the Ichthus (Farrar 113).
Length of vesica in relation to phallotheca: 0) longer than phallotheca; 1) subequal in length to phallotheca; 2) shorter than phallotheca.
2) alas anteriores con venas fuertemente marcadas de color blancuzco; 3) vesica de la genitalia masculina entre cuatro y cinco veces mas larga que el aedoeagus; 4) vesica sin diverticulos y 5) genitalia femenina con appendix bursae menos de dos veces mas largo que el corpus bursae.
8), vesica with broadly triangular dorsal lobe with a small cornutus at its tip and longer lobe bent around to ventral side, with a thick spine at its end.
33 Ficus palmate 34 Fragaria vesica 35 Fumaria indica Pugsley 36 Geranium wallichianum D.
vesica leaves in two experimental models and animal species.
Chemomodulatory influence of Adhatoda vesica (Justicia adhatoda) on the enzymes of xenobiotic metabolism antioxidant status and lipid peroxidation in mice.
41) Within the symbolism of Theosophy, this notion of Cosmic Evolution is imaged in the Vesica, the orifice formed between two overlapping circles, which Proudfoot claims is the central organizing principle of the intended geometry both of central Canberra, and of the building to be constructed on Capital Hill, the primary sacred site in the city itself, functioning as a kind of omphalos or caput mundi.
But with the use of a press-in bone anchor system (the Vesica Press-In Suture Anchor System made by Boston Scientific) this risk is greatly reduced.
The almond-shaped space that emerges as a result of intersection--a secondary space of remainder--has received less attention, although suggested comparison with the mystical vesica piseis of Christ can be provocative when taken to its mythological roots as a prism on the world.