vicuña

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vicuña

(vĭko͞o`nyə, vĭkyo͞o`nə), wild South American hoofed mammal, Vicugna vicugna, the smallest member of the camelcamel,
ruminant mammal of the family Camelidae. The family consists of three genera, the true camels of Asia (genus Camelus); the wild guanaco and the domesticated alpaca and llama, all of South America (genus Lama
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 family. It is 30 in. (75 cm) high at the shoulder, with a long, slender neck and pale, fawn coloring. Vicuñas live in herds on high plateaus of the Andes, at altitudes of 14,000 to 18,000 ft (4,300–5,500 m); they feed on grasses and other vegetation.

Their fleece is exceptionally soft and silky, and in the time of the Incas was reserved for royal robes. The vicuña has never been successfully domesticated; wild herds were rounded up for shearing. Hunted to the verge of extinction for its wool and flesh, it is now protected and has recovered. Today wool is harvested from animals in the wild and others confined to ranches or enclosed ranges.

The vicuña is classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Camelidae.

Vicun̄a

 

(Vicugna vicugna), a mammal of the family Camelidae. It is 70-90 cm tall, about 1.5 m long, and weighs up to 65 kg. The body is covered with short but soft thick fur consisting mainly of downy hairs. In the adult animal it is rust-colored on the back and sides and light gray on the underside. The fleece weighs 800-1,000 g.

Vicun̄as live in small herds in the high-mountain regions of the Andes. The female bears one offspring. At the beginning of the 19th century Vicun̄as were rather common in Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, and Chile. Their area has been significantly diminished as a result of predatory extermination. They have been best preserved in some remote provinces of Peru.

REFERENCES

Khaveson, la. I. “Dikie i domashnie formy verbliudovykh.” In the anthology Problemy proiskhozhdeniia, evoliutsii i porodoobrazovaniia domashnikh zhivotnykh, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1940.
Koford, C. B. “The Vicun̄a and the Puna.” Ecological Monographs, 1957, vol. 27, no. 2. Pages 153-219.

vicuna

[vī′kün·yə]
(vertebrate zoology)
Lama vicugna. A rare, wild ruminant found in the Andes mountains; the fiber of the vicuna is strong, resilient, and elastic but is the softest and most delicate of animal fibers.
References in periodicals archive ?
Este desplazamiento de la poesia habia comenzado a traves de un proceso de escritura que Vicuna llamo entonces palabrarmas.
Las caracteristicas de convivencia entre machos y hembras estan ligadas al comportamiento social de la vicuna, las cuales se organizan por grupos familiares conformados, usualmente, por un macho territorial con 3 a 4 hembras y ubicados en terrenos estables, generalmente permanentes durante todo el ano (Vila, 2000).
Para ello se determinaron, primero, la distribucion actual y el habitat potencial de la vicuna en Tanta; y segundo, se identificaron los impactos que las actividades de la poblacion han generado en el habitat de la vicuna.
De forma similar, estableciendo un vinculo claro entre las imagenes de la Exposicion del Coloniaje y la reconstruccion de la historia nacional, Benjamin Vicuna Mackenna declaraba en el Catalogo del Museo Historico del Santa Lucia de 1875:
Durante los meses que pase en Santiago revisando y fichando los cientos de folios pertenecientes a la Coleccion Vicuna Mackenna, pude acercarme al complejo mundo de la guerra que enfrento a Peru y Bolivia contra Chile.
A single vicuna produces only a pound of fleece every year.
El Proyecto Vicuna fue el mas exitoso de recuperacion de animales silvestres, pero una vez que termino, el Estado no hizo mas.
El interrogante que guia el trabajo surge cuando Vicuna tematiza el giro practico del problema de la legitimacion de las significaciones teoricas.
Dentro de estas condiciones ambientales limitadas, la fibra de la vicuna es un valioso recurso para las comunidades locales que habitan el sistema altiplanico.
Poco mas de una decada despues, el 17 de septiembre de 1874, el inhospito cerro, transformado en una elegante plaza publica llena de arboles y paseos que invitaban a los santiaguinos a gozar de una sana entretencion, seria entregado oficialmente a la municipalidad de Santiago por el principal responsable de tan ambicioso proyecto: don Benjamin Vicuna Mackenna.
The huanaco and the vicuna are types of what animal?
The huanaco and the vicuna are types of Quiz of the Day ANSWERS: 1 Underwater; 2 Trinidad and Tobago; 3 Llama; 4 Macavity; 5 An elite corps of troops serving the Ottoman Empire; 6 Self-important pomposity; 7 Stephen Lander; 8 Nagasaki; 9 Without You; 10 Tottenham Hotspur.