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58) The gentry tended to use the somewhat less rigid "strict settlement" rather than entailment,(59) but the legal uniqueness of land continued to be a key element of the social system,(60) and although tenant farmers obtained rights greater than feudal villeins,(61) enforcement of the prerogatives of the landowning classes remained a central element of the English legal system.
Villeins were able to support themselves but had to work on the lord's demesne (his home farm), pay rent for their land and serve the lord in other ways.
9) When Venice acquired possession of the island, it also acquired the lands and the servile population known in Latin as villeins.
Rigid and hereditary stratification dominated lords ruled, clergy prayed, knights in arms fought, serfs and villeins worked the land in return for protection by their lieges.
But there was something missing, namely a commercial centre where all the serfs and villeins could meet up, down a pint or two, and indulge in a spot of banter over their bartering.
First up is funky rock music with an indie vibe that makes you want to dance from RADIODYNAMICS; second on the bill are THE LITTLE VILLEINS, London's best kept secret, who provide shimmering pop punk with a rich seam of ska running through it; while THIS CITY ROMANCE, an alternative indie band from Middlesbrough, complete the line-up.
Worth only fifteen shillings, Escelie had just three villeins and two bordars as well as two oxmen.
A Declaration and Appeal (1645) invoked Magna Charta to condemn imprisonment for debt, "being a freeborn people and no villeins and slaves" an English freeman could not be "outlawed" without "lawful judgment of his peers or by the law of the land.
But in the medieval world, there were degrees of freedom, predicated on degrees of land ownership, and your social identity reflected that, ranging from serfs to villeins to sokemen to freemen to thegns.
The local villeins wouldn't get out of bed for less than two groats an hour.
The first documents to be examined are the jara'id, the registers of the Muslim serfs, or villeins, people with Arabic names, who were transferred through royal privileges to the church and lords together with the land they cultivated.