viol


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Related to viol: bass viol, Violetta

viol,

family of bowed stringed instruments, the most important ensemble instruments from the 15th to the 17th cent. The viol's early history is indefinite, but it is recognizable in depictions from as early as the 11th cent. During the second half of the 17th cent. it lost its dominant position to the violinviolin,
family of stringed musical instruments having wooden bodies whose backs and fronts are slightly convex, the fronts pierced by two f-hole-shaped resonance holes. The instruments of the violin family have been the dominant bowed instruments because of their versatility,
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 family and became practically extinct until the general revival of interest in early music and instruments in the 20th cent. The viol differs from the violin in the manner of playing, in its shape, and in having frets and typically six strings, tuned in fourths with one third, rather than in fifths. Most viols are properly played upright, resting on or between the knees, with the bow held with the palm upward. The viol usually has sloping shoulders, a flat back, and deeper ribs than the violin. It is a chamber instrument with a soft, sweet tone, incapable of the dynamic extremes and brilliance of the violin; this helps to account for its decline. The viol was built in four principal sizes—treble, alto, tenor, and bass—which were used in ensemble, or "consort." The double-bass viol, or violone, survived all the others, becoming, with some modification, the present double bassdouble bass,
bowed stringed musical instrument, the contrabass of the modern orchestral string section. It originated as a double-bass viol, an instrument described as early as 1566. A true double-bass violin appeared during the 18th cent.
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. The bass viol was the principal solo instrument of the family, possessing a large literature from the 16th to the 18th cent. It later became known as viola da gamba [Ital.,=leg viol]—originally the name of the whole family, to distinguish them from those of the viola da bracchio (arm viol) family, the forerunners of the violin. The viola d'amore, a member of the viol family, originated in the 17th cent. and was especially popular in the 18th cent. It has from five to seven strings, tuned in thirds and fourths, and an equal number of sympathetic strings running through the bridge and under the fingerboard. Unlike most viols, it is held, like the violin, under the chin. It was and is principally a solo instrument, possessing a modest literature from all periods, including the 20th cent.

viol

any of a family of stringed musical instruments that preceded the violin family, consisting of a fretted fingerboard, a body rather like that of a violin but having a flat back and six strings, played with a curved bow. They are held between the knees when played and have a quiet yet penetrating tone; they were much played, esp in consorts, in the 16th and 17th centuries
References in periodicals archive ?
Finally, the evidence is strong that Purcell himself played the viol and that in all likelihood he wrote his fantazias for domestic music-making.
It is a long and fascinating journey from the 'Fiddles, Rebecs, and Viols at the Early Tudor Court' (Chap.
Otterstedt's position is that the viol, to the contrary, was a casualty of this same cultural movement, and the articulation of this position is one of the strongest polemical purposes of her book.
Il est important de saisir le sens exact de l'agression qui est enfouie en elle, la violation d'une liberte, le viol d'un corps humain.
He auditioned last week to become one of the first in the country to study the viol at Trinity College of Music in London.
Kuhnel's Sonate o partite ad una o due viole da gamba con il basso continuo (Kassel, 1698) falls naturally into the pattern established by George Houle in his recent edition of Karl Friedrich Abel's sonatas for viol and continuo that arranges the pieces by degree of difficulty (Sonatas for the Viola da gamba from the Musicbook of the Countess of Pembroke [Stanford, Calif.
As an added bonus, The Rose Consort, led by Alison Crum and John Bryan, will be directing a workshop for viol players on Saturday, February 12 from 10am to 4pm at the Friends Meeting House, High Street, Warwick.
Il stipule le prolongement du delai de prescription des actions en justice en matiere de viol d'une maniere a permettre a la victime mineure au moment des faits de poursuivre son agresseur a partir du jour oo elle est devenue majeure.
La proposition de loi presentee, au lendemain du suicide de la mineure Amina Filali, mariee a son violeur, par le groupe de l'Alliance socialiste - et qui devait etre adoptee a l'unanimite, mardi soir par la Chambre des Conseillers - considere que le viol constitue un crime en soi, abstraction faite de l'initiative prise par le violeur ou ses proches de demander ou non en mariage la victime.
The Rose Consort is an English ensemble of viol players who perform mainly early consort music, including works by Orlando Gibbons, John Dowland, and Henry Purcell.
Summary: La Cour supreme britannique a juge hier vendredi recevable la demande du fondateur de WikiLeaks Julian Assange d'un nouvel appel de son extradition vers la Suede, oE il est recherche dans une affaire de viol et agressions sexuelles presumes, et a fixe l'audience aux 1er et 2 fevrier.
A LEADING British viol consort is returning to the area to take part in Warwick Arts Society's early music series.