Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Related to violoncello: cellist, Violin family, ARPA, cellos


see violinviolin,
family of stringed musical instruments having wooden bodies whose backs and fronts are slightly convex, the fronts pierced by two f-hole-shaped resonance holes. The instruments of the violin family have been the dominant bowed instruments because of their versatility,
..... Click the link for more information.



(Italian, diminutive of violone, contrabass), a bowed musical instrument of the violin family, made in the bass-tenor register. The four strings are tuned in fifths (C two octaves below middle C, G a fifth above that, D below middle C, and A above middle C).

The cello is used as a solo, ensemble, and orchestral instrument. It originated around the turn of the 16th century as a result of the development of folk string instruments. The classic examples of the violoncello were created by the Italian masters of the 17th and 18th centuries, A. and N. Amati, G. Guarnieri, and A. Stradivari. The Russian master I. A. Batov and the Soviet masters E. F. Vitachek and T. F. Podgornyi also created highly successful violoncellos.

In the 17th and 18th centuries the violoncello replaced the viola da gamba in aristocratic circles, largely because of its rich expressive and technical possibilities and its fuller and brighter sound, similar in timbre to the human voice. Com-posers who wrote concertos, sonatas, and suites for the violoncello include J. S. Bach, J. Haydn, L. Boccherini, L. Beethoven, F. Mendelssohn, F. Chopin, E. Grieg, J. Brahms, R. Schumann, C. Saint-Saens, E. Lalo, and A. Dvorak. Composers for the cello include P. I. Tchaikovsky, N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov, A. K. Glazunov, S. V. Rachmaninoff, S. S. Prokofiev, D. D. Shostakovich, A. I. Khachaturian, D. B. Kabalevsky, and T. N. Khrennikov. Some of the greatest foreign cellists were L. Boccherini, J. L. Dupourt, B. Romberg, F. Servé, and P. Casals; great Russian cellists include K. lu. Davydov, A. V. Verzhbilovich, and A. A. Brandukov; great Soviet cellists include M. L. Rostropovich, S. N. Knushevitskii, and D. B. Shafran.


Ginzburg, L. Istoriia violonchel’nogo iskusstva. Books 1-2. Moscow-Leningrad, 1950-57.
Ginzburg, L. Istoriia violonchel’nogo iskusstva. Russkaia klassi-cheskaia violonchel’naia shkola. Moscow, 1965.
Wasielewski, W. J. Das Violoncello und seine Geschichte, 3rd ed. Leipzig, 1925.
Forino, L. Il violoncello, il violoncellist a ed i violoncellisti. 2nd ed. Milan, 1930.


References in periodicals archive ?
Serenata [D-Dur] per Viola obbligata con accompte di 2da Viola Violino e Violoncello Mailand, F.
4] Oboe d'amore, violoncello piccolo, strings, concerted organ, b.
The Trio in A minor for Clarinet, Violoncello and Piano is notable for its structural compression.
As a protest against Generalisimo Franco, Casals accepted no public engagements but continued, in private, to work at his art; there, in the church of Saint-Michel de Cuxa, he recorded the six Unaccompanied Suites for Violoncello by Johann Sebastian Bach.
Gracias a su enorme exito, Rodrigo repitio la formula en sus obras siguientes, que no son para guitarra: el Concierto heroico, para piano y orquesta; el Concierto de estio, para violin y orquesta; el Concierto galante, para violoncello y orquesta, y el Concierto Serenata y los Sones de la Giralda, dos obras logradas y profundamente inspiradas por la tradicion musical espanola del pasado -incluso, usa en ellas pasajes de la zarzuela-, en las que acude al instrumento quiza mas parecido a la guitarra: el arpa.
He learned valuable lessons by playing violin, flute, violoncello, clarinet, and oboe in combos and orchestras such as that of Eubie Blake and Noble Sissle.
La danza contempornea la cautivo instantnamente: al dia siguiente vendio el violoncello para dedicarse solo a bailar.
The arrival of one particular type, the violoncello (`little big-viola') is most convincingly explained by Stephen Bonta.
He mentions social evenings spent with `the Bones' of theatrical outings, and of his interest in music and his violoncello playing.
The first of "4 Piezas para Piano" comes across as bar music in the style of Arnold Schonberg, as does his "Composicion para Violin, Violoncello, y Piano.
Violoncello Concerto by Ernst Krenek was given its first public performance, by the Los Angeles Philharmonic in Los Angeles, Calif.
Greenhouse's Stradivari Violoncello of 1707, the "Paganini, Countess of Stainlein" will be sold by sealed bid.