viremia

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viremia

[vī′rē·mē·ə]
(medicine)
Presence of viral particles in the blood.
References in periodicals archive ?
Firstly; patients have chronic hepatitis C viraemia (10) and it is possible that the virus affects the airways in the same manner as respiratory viruses but in a less severe form, a postulation that needs supportive studies.
The demonstration of CMV replication in colonic mucosa, the high level of CMV viraemia with a positive CMV IgM serology and the patient's response to ganciclovir is strong evidence for clinically significant CMV colitis.
counts were used as markers of disease progression [23-25] For the purpose of this study, plasma viraemia was classified as follows: <20 copies/ml (below detectable level of the test used); 20-9 999 copies/ml; and [greater than or equal to]10 000 copies/ml.
Human bocavirus in children: mono-detection, high viral load and viraemia are associated with respiratory tract infection.
The alternative approach would be to aim for remission or what could be considered a 'cancer model' of cure, in which an individual would have long-term health in the absence of treatment, with low-level viraemia at less than 50 copies/ml.
The correlation between HCV genotypes and viral load remains controversial; in some studies high titre viraemia was correlated with advanced liver stage (32) while others found no correlation with either histology, viraemia or aminotransferase activity (33,34).
Although all exposure to contaminated bodily fluid carries a risk, the risk of HIV transmission increases particularly in the following circumstances: if the penetrating needle-stick injury occurred with a hollow as opposed to a solid needle, if the needle injury was a deep soft-tissue penetration, if there was visible blood on the needle, if the patient is in the early viraemia stage or the patient has advanced AIDS (both have high viral loads) and in case of prolonged exposure (blood inside a glove).
The link between CD8 T cell activation and viraemia is not clear.
The cultural and social meanings associated with semen, along with related issues of unprotected intercourse, HIV seroconversion, treatment optimism and viraemia, may play a part in this.
It is widely accepted that only virus strains that replicate efficiently in humans and produce high levels of viraemia are transmissible by mosquito species.
Defra prosecutor Stephen Smith said Ireland was free of the disease Spring Viraemia of carp and Williams knew he was acting illegally.