virtual observatory


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virtual observatory,

a collection of integrated astronomical data archives and software tools that utilize computer networks to create an environment in which research can be conducted. Several countries have initiated national virtual observatory programs that will combine existing databases from ground-based and orbiting observatoriesobservatory,
scientific facility especially equipped to detect and record naturally occurring scientific phenomena. Although geological and meteorological observatories exist, the term is generally applied to astronomical observatories.
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 and make them easily accessible to researchers. As a result, data from all the world's major observatories will be available to all users and to the public. This is significant not only because of the immense volume of astronomical data but also because the data on stars and galaxies has been compiled from observations in a variety of wavelengths—optical, radio, infrared, gamma ray, X-ray and more. Each wavelength can provide different information about a celestial event or object, but also requires a special expertise to interpret. In a virtual observatory environment, all of this data is integrated so that it can be synthesized and used in a given study.
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Caption: Browsing online data sources with Virtual Observatory could not be made much easier than this.
We're going to be able to be the American virtual observatory," Morgan said, drawing enthusiastic applause from the crowd.
New transients are classified utilizing virtual observatory archives, machine learning techniques, and collaborative Citizen science projects.
A prototype of the virtual observatory could be in place in just 18 months.
Also in the works in the coming months is a new version of the Planetary Virtual Observatory and Laboratory (PVOL) website, to facilitate image analysis.
In addition, ASTERICS will enable astronomers from across the member states to have broad access to the reduced data products of the ESFRI telescopes via a seamless interface to the Virtual Observatory framework.
The topics include probability and statistics in astronomical machine learning and data mining, the sky pixelization for cosmic microwave background mapping, database-driven analyses of astronomical spectra, the virtual observatory and distributed data mining, and randomized algorithms for matrices and data.
The SA Virtual Observatory, a data-mining tool, was also covered.
In effect, it is a virtual observatory," says Mueller.
This book/CD-ROM proceedings package collects work from three National Virtual Observatory (NVO) Summer Schools, which were sponsored by the National Science Foundation and NASA.
In the rest of this article, we describe our virtual observatory project, including our vision, design, and AI-enabled implementation.
Meanwhile, iVDGL will provide a global computing resource for several leading international experiments in physics and astronomy, including the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO), the ATLAS and CMS experiments at CERN, the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), and the proposed National Virtual Observatory (NVO).

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