vole


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vole,

name for a large number of mouselike rodentsrodent,
member of the mammalian order Rodentia, characterized by front teeth adapted for gnawing and cheek teeth adapted for chewing. The Rodentia is by far the largest mammalian order; nearly half of all mammal species are rodents.
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, related to the lemmingslemming,
name for several species of mouselike rodents related to the voles. All live in arctic or northern regions, inhabiting tundra or open meadows. They frequently nest in underground burrows, particularly in winter, although they do not hibernate.
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. Most range in length from 3 1-2 to 7 in. (9–18 cm) and have rounded bodies with gray or brown coats, blunt muzzles, small ears concealed in the long fur, and short tails. They are found in a wide variety of habitats. Of the approximately 70 vole species, over 40, distributed throughout North America, Eurasia, and North Africa, are classified in the genus Microtus. These voles typically make runways under dense vegetation or shallow burrows in the ground. They feed chiefly on grasses but also eat bark, leaves, seeds, and insects. They are known in North America as field mice or meadow mice (the Old World field mice are not voles). Like lemmings and various other small rodents, these voles periodically undergo population explosions which cause them to swarm over the countryside. Of similar distribution are the five species of red-backed voles, genus Clethrionomys, which spend much of their time in shrubs and bushes. Species of the North American genus Phenacomys nest in trees and are known as tree mice or lemming mice. The sagebrush vole, Lagarus curtatus, is found in the W United States. Other Lagarus species, found in S Russia and Mongolia, are misleadingly called steppe lemmings. The water vole, Arvicola, of Europe and W Asia, is a large, semiaquatic vole, somewhat resembling the closely related muskratmuskrat,
North American aquatic rodent. The common muskrats, species of the genus Ondatra, are sometimes called by their Native American name, musquash. They are found in marshes, quiet streams, and ponds through most of North America N of Mexico, but are absent from the
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. Voles are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Rodentia, family Crecetidae. See also mousemouse,
name applied to numerous species of small rodents, often having soft gray or brown fur, long hairless tails, and large ears. The chief distinction between these animals and the variety of rodents called rats is in size: mice are usually smaller.
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vole

[vōl]
(vertebrate zoology)
Any of about 79 species of rodent in the tribe Microtini of the family Cricetidae; individuals have a stout body with short legs, small ears, and a blunt nose.

vole

1
any of numerous small rodents of the genus Microtus and related genera, mostly of Eurasia and North America and having a stocky body, short tail, and inconspicuous ears: family Cricetidae

vole

2
(in some card games, such as ?cart?) the taking of all the tricks in a deal, thus scoring extra points
References in periodicals archive ?
It was all about paving the way for successful re-introduction of the water vole.
Rory Stewart, Environment Minister, said:Thanks to the great work of the Environment Agency, the Wildlife Trust and Stig s keen sense of smell, the water vole, a much loved character from The Wind in the Willows, is thriving once again here on Hertfordshire s ancient river banks and streams.
WATER voles are in danger of becoming extinct in North Wales, a leading charity has warned.
Water vole spotters should look out for closely grazed 'lawn' areas, often covered with neat piles of chopped grass, which are often seen around burrow entrances.
PTES is calling for volunteers to get involved in the National Water Vole Monitoring Programme by conducting an annual field survey on a single site, and while no experience is required those aking part will need to learn how to identify water vole field signs.
Clean up debris and trash, as they constitute hiding places for voles.
But mice bearing the vole version of PrP developed prion diseases surprisingly quickly, says David Westaway, a neuroscientist a the University of Alberta in Edmonton.
Relative to chance expectations, during the increase phase of the vole cycle, 2-year-old males and older mated more often with the oldest (>2 yrs) females, whereas during the decline phase in the cycle, yearling and 2-year-old males paired more often with yearling females.
Ladbrokes quote Moyes at 6-4 to leave before the voles (1-2) do.
In the last 40 years the water vole population has collapsed by a staggering 95%.
The water vole breeding season is from March to September and so only burrows and occasional sightings will be evident outside this period.
Mullins, who won what was then the Pierse Hurdle in 2002 with Adamant Approach, sent out J'y Vole to finish third to Joncol and In Compliance in the John Durkan Memorial Chase at Punchestown this month.