voluntary

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voluntary

1. Law
a. acting or done without legal obligation, compulsion, or persuasion
b. made without payment or recompense in any form
2. (of the muscles of the limbs, neck, etc.) having their action controlled by the will
3. maintained or provided by the voluntary actions or contributions of individuals and not by the state
4. Music a composition or improvisation, usually for organ, played at the beginning or end of a church service
References in periodicals archive ?
They so vary because different contexts place different demands on competence, knowledge, and voluntariness.
98) At the end of its analysis, the Court finally acknowledged that voluntariness was a threshold requirement under Brown.
Much of the data provided by the interviewees indicated that recommendations found in the literature for increasing participant understanding and ensuring voluntariness were being followed.
The Conclusion provides a revision of my proposal to return to the voluntariness standard by focusing on factors that will provide better guidance to lower courts in assessing the putative "voluntariness" of a confession.
b) The trial judge in determining the issue of voluntariness shall take into consideration all the circumstances surrounding the giving of the confession, including (1) the time elapsing between arrest and arraignment of the defendant .
The four key moderators are proposed; gender, age, experience and voluntariness of use.
foreign law views of the voluntariness and reasonableness of such
When the suspect has confessed to the act, evidence of the voluntariness and competency of the confession may become critical to preserve its admissibility.
15) Controlling factors that influence voluntariness include persuasion, manipulation and coercion to participate in research.
The voluntariness requirement responds directly to the risk of active or passive pressure being placed on the persons requesting assistance to die.
The bank had little option but to take part in the Greek debt swap deal, he said: "The voluntariness (of the Greek debt swap) is about as voluntary as a confession at a Spanish inquisition trial.