vowel

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vowel

A vowel is a letter that represents a speech sound made with one’s airway (the mouth and vocal chords) open and without touching one’s tongue to the teeth, lips, or the roof of the mouth. It is contrasted with consonants, which are formed by obstructing one’s airway in some way so as to create a harder, more defined speech sound. Together, vowels and consonants form syllables in speech.
There are five letters that are considered to be true vowels: A, E, I, O, and U.
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vowel

[′väu̇əl]
(linguistics)
A voiced "open sound," in which the quality of the sound is determined by its placement in the mouth.
References in periodicals archive ?
Another section is the case of the vowelless hamza; most of the Reciters preserve the vowelless hamza, except Warsh, Abu 'Amr, Hisham and Hamza; these latter Reciters have their own methods; e.
Following Hasselbach's idea that the prefixes of the prefix conjugation should be reconstructed as vowelless, we must assume the following as the original form:
According to Testen 1985, the origins of the words 'ibnun and 'itnani in Arabic are the vowelless protostems *bn and *tn.
Besides the general problem of having a small group of vowelless stems in PS, there are a few specific difficulties with Testen's arguments.
TB-II: An unmarked consonant represents either the vowelless consonant, as in TB-I, or the consonant plus a as in standard Brahmi, with the correct reading to be determined according to the reader's judgment or intuition.
TB-III: Essentially the same as TB-II, except that a consonant which is to be read as vowelless may be marked, though often inconsistently or sporadically, by a pulli or dot.
Testen assumes that this merger reflects an underlying [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] vowel in the prefix of stative verbs, *yi-wCaC > *yi-yCaC, as opposed to an underlying [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] vowel in the prefix of active verbs *yuCiC, which he derives from a vowelless prefix *y + wCiC > *yuCiC > uCiC.
This derivation is based on Testen's theory that the different vowel qualities in the prefixes in the G-stem developed from original vowelless prefixes, that is *'- 1cs, *t- 2nd, *y- 3rd, and *n- 1cp.