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Mediterranean perennial (Cheiranthus cheiri) of the family Cruciferae (or Brassicaceae; mustardmustard,
common name for the Cruciferae, or Brassicaceae, a large family chiefly of herbs of north temperate regions. The easily distinguished flowers of the Cruciferae have four petals arranged diagonally ("cruciform") and alternating with the four sepals.
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 family), particularly popular in Europe, where it flourishes on old walls. An old-fashioned garden flower, it is similar in appearance to the related stock and is also sometimes called gillyflower. The early spring blossoms are often much doubled; yellow, red, and brown are the prevailing colors. Related species are also called wallflower, e.g., the orange-flowered Siberian, or western, wallflower (Erysimum asperum), which occurs both wild and in cultivation in North America. Wallflowers are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Capparales (or Brassicales), family Cruciferae (or Brassicaceae).



(Cheiranthus cheiri), an ornamental plant of the genus Cheiranthus. A blue-gray subshrub with large, yellow flowers that are gathered in racemose inflorescences, it grows in rich lime soils in southern Greece and on the Aegean Islands. Wallflowers are often forced as potted plants or as cut flowers; they also grow in open ground as biennials. Garden forms and varieties of wallflower are included in two groups: bushy forms, with several flower-bearing shoots; and single-shoot forms, without branches. These forms are also distinguished by height, the size and structure of the flower (single and double), and the color of the petals (yellow, orange, velvety brown, violet, or mottled).


1. a plant, Cheiranthus cheiri, of S Europe, grown for its clusters of yellow, orange, brown, red, or purple fragrant flowers and naturalized on old walls, cliffs, etc.: family Brassicaceae (crucifers)
2. any of numerous other crucifers of the genera Cheiranthus and Erysimum, having orange or yellow flowers
References in periodicals archive ?
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GROWING PAINS: Em Lerman in The Perks ms ms mma Watson and Logan s Of Being A Wallflower.
The Perks of Being a Wallflower is a celebration of those perilous years when childhood innocence is shattered to smithereens and young men and women nervously forge new paths that will determine the rest of their lives.
The sunset range of virgin F1 wallflowers includes Sunset Purples, which tend not to splay while having plentiful flower spikes.
Wallflower, with her decent track form and excellent breeding, will no doubt be given a chance to continue the line.
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Wallflowers like well-drained, slightly alkaline soil and benefit from a trim after flowering, which will delay the time when an older plant needs replacing.
Growing pains: Emma Lerman in The Perks O Watson and Logan Of Being A Wallflower.
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When combining wallflowers with tulips go for a contrast like red tulip, yellow wallflower.