waltz

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waltz,

romantic dance in moderate triple time. It evolved from the German Ländler and became popular in the 18th cent. The dance is smooth, graceful, and vital in performance. The waltz in Vicente Martin's opera Una cosa rara, produced in Vienna (1776), is regarded as the first Viennese waltz. This type was later made famous by the two Johann Strausses, father and son. The younger Strauss composed the Blue Danube Waltz, the most popular of the Viennese style. The waltz was introduced in the United States via England in the early 19th cent. Mozart, Chopin, Berlioz, Brahms, Richard Strauss, and Ravel have also composed waltzes.

Waltz

 

a dance for couples based on a smooth circling combined with a forward movement.

The waltz is accompanied by music with a 3/4 measure (more rarely 3/8 or 6/8) and a moderately fast tempo. It originated from peasant folk dances of southern Germany, Austria, and Bohemia. In the last quarter of the 18th century, the waltz began to appear in the city. Because of the ease, simplicity, and elegance of its movements, as well as the rich expressive possibilities of the music—passionately elevated, tenderly lyric, or brilliant and elegant—the waltz became the most popular dance of all strata of European society in the 19th century, as well as a very widespread musical genre. The Viennese waltz was particularly famous because of the work of J. Lanner, J. Strauss the Elder, and J. Strauss the Younger. Their waltzes were joined in cycles of miniatures (Walzer-Kette—“chain of waltzes”). An important step in the poetization of the waltz was made by Schubert. Eventually, waltzes began to appear in the form of larger instrumental compositions usually written for piano or symphony orchestra and close to the genre of the romantic poem (C.M. von Weber, Chopin, and Liszt). This symphonization of the waltz was especially characteristic of Russian music (M. I. Glinka, Tchaikovsky, A. K. Glazunov, and S. S. Prokofiev). Waltzes also continued to be composed in the form of lyric miniatures, sometimes arranged in cycles (Schumann, Brahms, and Grieg). The waltz can be the basis of an art song or operatic aria or part of cyclical compositions such as suites and symphonies (Berlioz and Tchaikovsky). It has been widely used in ballets, operettas, incidental music for plays and films, and so forth.

E. M. TSAREVA

waltz

1. a ballroom dance in triple time in which couples spin around as they progress round the room
2. a piece of music composed for or in the rhythm of this dance
References in periodicals archive ?
Brahms eventually ditched the lyrics and orchestrated nine of the waltzes, which the Orpheus Chamber Orchestra interpreted with a lilting glee that had the crowd swaying.
VIENNA: Wagner, Verdi and a myriad of waltzes will broadcast live to 81 countries when the Vienna Philharmonic kicks off 2013 with its traditional New Year's Concert on January 1.
Taking the option of "record maker(s)" as his cue, Gillespie set out with artist Roberta Friedman to make a video version of the 49 Waltzes.
The first nine minutes or so are devoted to the waltzes of Johann Strauss, Jr.
30pm, and brings a galaxy of stars to the stage for glittering displays of dancing in period costume as well as the waltzes and excerpts from the operettas.
As a 'performance conductor' Mr Wordsworth was in his element with the froth and excitement of Strauss's polkas and waltzes all developed with this orchestra out of perfect control and understanding of the material, not to mention the audience who loved it.
Johannes Brahms' ``Liebeslieder Waltzes,'' evoking every aspect of love, will be performed by a small ensemble and accompanied by pianists Ann Moore and Deb Baur.
The same shots of the same faces travel to the other monitors and become gestures and voyages and waltzes, no face a limitation.
Summary: Vienna:Wagner, Verdi and a myriad of waltzes will broadcast live to 81 countries when the .
Sure, the maestro and his orchestra will perform beautiful waltzes on this tour, but the concerts are much more than that.
JOHANN Strauss spent a successful week at the old Cooke's Amphitheatre of Arts bringing his waltzes to the Liverpool public back in August 1838.
Next Friday's concert will see Jacek Kaspszyk lead an afternoon of classic waltzes and light music by composers including Franz Leh[sz]r, Zeller, Josef Strauss, and a multitude of popular pieces by the 'Waltz King', Johann Strauss II.