Among these diseases, goat warble fly infestation (GWFI) is the notorious and serious threat affecting the hide of the goat as well as milk and meat production.
The warble fly infestation is endemic in cattle, buffalo, sheep and goats in semi-hilly, mountainous and riverine areas of Pakistan (Khan et al.
Among the common ectoparasites of goats, warble fly
, Przhevalskiana silenus, commonly exists in Pakistan (Shah et al.
These climatic factors were correlated with the warble fly
infestation in goats.
Although several studies have been conducted on epidemiology, taxonomy, biology, histopathology, economic losses, and immunology of warble fly
infestation in bovines, very little attention has been given to caprine hypodermosis in Pakistan, particularly in the province of Balochistan.
Intraocular infestation by the reindeer warble fly
larva: an unusual indication for acute vit rectomy.
Brown, and other researchers that show that prions in the spine of cattle -- along which pesticides are applied -- can be damaged by the organophosphate insecticide which were used during the UK government's warble fly
Therefore presumably buffaloes were equally exposed to the warble fly
attack as cattle.
Key words: Hypoderma, epidemiological factors, Potowar Region, hypodermosis, Warble fly
No samples were confirmed to be warble fly
For many years, farmers were obliged by MAFF to treat cattle for warble fly
by pouring a liquid dressing along their backs.
The annual comprehensive survey of cattle herds in Great Britain for 2002-03 has found no cases of warble fly
, which has been a notifiable disease since 1982.