warrant

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warrant,

in law, written order by an official of a court directed to an officer. The search warrantsearch warrant,
in law, written order by an official of a court authorizing an officer to search in a specified place for specified objects and to seize them if found. The objects sought may be stolen goods or physical evidences of the commission of crime (e.g., narcotics).
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 and the warrant of arrestarrest,
in law, seizure and detention of a person, either to bring him before a court body or official, or to otherwise secure the administration of the law. A person may be arrested for an alleged violation of civil or criminal law.
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 are the most frequently used types. Warrants of attachment order the seizure of a defendant's goods pending trial or judicial determination of ownership and in certain other cases. Warrants are usually issued by a judge or court clerk. They are directed to sheriffs, marshals, constables, and other officers of the peace. The strictest compliance with legal forms and rules for serving a warrant is ordinarily necessary if it is to be effective.

Warrant

 

in the civil law of a number of states (France, Great Britain, the USA, Japan, and others), a document that is issued to the owner of goods when he places them in storage. Usually the warrant consists of two parts—a warehouse certificate and the warrant itself. It is a kind of security, since the owner of the goods may sell the warrant or use it as a pledge. He may also transfer the warrant by means of endorsement.

REFERENCE

Grazhdanskoe i torgovoe pravo kapitalisticheskikh gosudarstv. Moscow, 1966. Pages 324-35.

warrant

[′wär·ənt]
(geology)

warrant

1. a document that certifies or guarantees, such as a receipt for goods stored in a warehouse, a licence, or a commission
2. Law an authorization issued by a magistrate or other official allowing a constable or other officer to search or seize property, arrest a person, or perform some other specified act
References in periodicals archive ?
Several media reports state that the legislation imposes only modest tweaks to the sweeping warrantless programs that intercept the digital traffic of foreign targets but also incidentally hover up the personal information on an unknown number of Americans.
25) A second and more commonly-used exception is the search-incident-to-arrest exception, which allows officers to conduct a warrantless search to protect officer safety and prevent the destruction of evidence.
22) Warrantless arrest powers, however, have been around for a long time (23) and have withstood Charter scrutiny.
The president has inherent constitutional authority as Commander in Chief and sole organ for the nation in foreign affairs to conduct warrantless surveillance of enemy forces for intelligence purposes to detect and disrupt armed attacks on the United States,'' he wrote.
Despite his heroic stand, Comey is not without blame for the government's warrantless surveillance program, which was expanded during the time he was in the Justice Department.
wanted an estimate of how many Americans' communications have been subject to warrantless surveillance.
McNeely, (19) the Supreme Court of Missouri took its turn at interpreting Schmerber and stated that the rapid dissipation of alcohol in an individual's bloodstream by itself is not a "special fact" justifying a warrantless and nonconsensual blood draw on an alleged drunk driver.
5) Regardless, the United States Supreme Court has repeatedly pointed out that a warrantless administrative inspection based on a reduced expectation of privacy is the exception, not the rule.
In the course of deciding a number of appeals from lower-court decisions over the past three decades, the Supreme Court of Canada has produced an entire body of jurisprudence on the application of section 8 to a variety of scenarios, from warrantless police searches of homes and offices to the sniffing of luggage by trained police dogs.
Arizona that "the Fourth Amendment does not bar police officers from making warrantless entries and searches when they reasonably believe that a person within [a private residence] is in need of immediate aid.
It explains that common-law criminal procedure was accusatory rather than investigatory, and that the foundational component of the common-law standards for a warrantless arrest or issuance of an arrest or criminal search warrant was a sworn accusation, by a named and potentially accountable complainant (there was no such thing as a "confidential informant"), that a crime actually had been committed "in fact"--not mere probable cause to think a crime might have been committed.
On the contrary, Holder has aggressively defended Bush policies and practices, including detaining terrorism suspects indefinitely without trial, employing the state-secrets privilege, blocking the release of photographs disclosing torture, and continuing the warrantless wiretapping of American citizens.