waterway


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waterway,

natural or artificial navigable inland body of water, or system of interconnected bodies of water, used for transportation, may include a lake, river, canal, or any combination of these. The existence of waterways has been an important factor in the development of regions, for the waterways have served first as paths of exploration and new settlement and later as avenues of commerce and trade. Although slower than rail, road, and air transport, water shipping is less expensive and accommodates such bulk cargoes as coal, ores, grain, and lumber. Navigation on waterways may be improved by the construction of canals, dams, locks, levees, and dikes; channeling straightens and shortens water courses, and dredging deepens the channel. Waterways vary in size from shallow barge-carrying rivers and canals to the deep seaways that accommodate oceangoing vessels. Waterways are often of international importance, either because they border or run through more than one country or because other nations wish to use them for trade; a number of these waterways have been internationalized. For purposes of navigation, irrigation, and flood control, humans have changed the natural flow of waterways. The consequences of such changes have often led to excessive erosion or an increase in flooding.

waterway

[′wȯd·ər‚wā]
(civil engineering)
A channel for the escape or passage of water.
(navigation)
A navigable stream or canal.

waterway

a river, canal, or other navigable channel used as a means of travel or transport
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1983, the EPA declared the waterway and Commencement Bay a Superfund site, among the most polluted areas in the nation.
Charlotte Atkins, said: "Our waterways were once the lifeblood of the region, connecting the Midlands industries with the rest of the country and ports and harbours across the world.
A group of experts on the reduction of inland waterway transport emissions will soon be created.
Last month the Government gave the go-ahead for British Waterways to form a new 'national trust' for the canals and rivers in England & Wales in April 2012.
At a workshop here, the IWAI stressed on the economic feasibility of National Waterway Number 3.
Add to this a World Heritage Site, three Scheduled Ancient Monuments and 206 Listed Buildings, and the contribution our waterways make to the culture and economy of Wales is clear," he said.
British Waterways is also running a photography and drawing competition alongside the survey for adults and children, with prizes of up to pounds 100 available.
Talks will not involve renegotiating the border line through the disputed waterway, which runs between Iran and Iraq.
The 200 year old inland waterway network is a national heritage asset and its associated buildings and structures add great character to the landscapes the waterways traverse.
Right now Arroyo Simi doesn't appeal to as many people as it could, with homes, parks and businesses backing up to the waterway, rather than banks decorated with lush greenery and colorful landscaping, Ferber said.
Their study provides a glimpse of how the nanotubes might behave if released into a waterway.
MEPs have backed the notion of a European fund for innovation in the inland waterway transport sector.