wax figures

wax figures,

sculptures usually made of beeswax or tallow, which is susceptible to modeling, casting, and coloring. The Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans used wax to make sacred images or death masks. Wax has been employed in the cire perduecire perdue
[Fr.,=lost wax], sculptural process of metal casting that may be used for hollow and solid casting. The sculptor makes a model in plaster or clay that is then coated with wax. This model is then covered with a perforated plaster or clay mold.
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 casting process for sculpture; it is also used in the preparatory stages by sculptors as a sketch or model for the finished work. Polychrome wax portraits were popular in Europe throughout the 18th cent. In the 19th cent., wax dolls came into fashion, and exhibits of wax figures, often portraits of notorious people, were popular. Among such collections Mme Tussaud's, London, and the Musée Grévin, Paris, are famous.

Bibliography

See F. Eliscu, Direct Wax Sculpture (1969); R. McDermott Miller, Figure Sculpture in Wax and Plaster (1971, repr. 1987).

References in classic literature ?
They sat rather like a very superior lot of waxworks, with the fixed but indetermined facial expression and with that odd air wax figures have of being aware of their existence being but a sham.
They all sat like wax figures, some with their glasses arrested halfway to their lips.
In Grandfather's younger days there used to be a wax figure of him in one of the Boston museums, representing a solemn, dark-visaged person, in a minister's black gown, and with a black-letter volume before him.
The unhappy girl fell back on her criminal's seat, speechless, tearless, white as a wax figure.
Housing more than 2,000 wax figures including 11 Indian personalities, it has been a favourite with Indian tourists visiting the British city.
Our talented team of sculptors take every effort to ensure we accurately colour match all of our wax figures to the celebrity being depicted," Madame Tussauds said in a statement issued to NY Times.
Madame Tussaud's has unveiled new wax figures in their Los Angeles and New York branches.
It's the first attraction in Madame Tussauds' history not to be centred on wax figures, and is a nod to Sherlock's creator, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle - a regular visitor when he lived in London.
The museum has recycled discarded celebrity wax figures and dressed them in biblical attire.
Contract award: 8 wax figures for the NU Archaeological Museum of Macedonia, Skopje.
The royal wax figures will not only be kitted out in team scarves but positioned in front of a TV at the London attraction, in anticipation of the Twickenham match.
Earlier this week, the New York branch of Madame Tussauds welcomed British singing sensation Adele's wax figure -- styled to recreate her look from her scintillating performance at Grammys 2012 -- as it threw open its interactive wax figures music experience section.