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a language of Wales, belonging to the S Celtic branch of the Indo-European family. Welsh shows considerable diversity between dialects


a white long-bodied lop-eared breed of pig, kept chiefly for bacon



a people living on the peninsula of Wales of Great Britain. The Welsh population is about 900,000, according to the 1970 estimate. Their native language is Welsh. Almost all Welsh people speak English. A significant number of believers belong to the Anglican Church; the other believers belong to nonconformist sects, mainly the Methodist Church.

The ancestors of the Welsh people were the Celtic tribes, the Cymru and Britons, which were driven into the hills of Wales by the Anglo-Saxons in the seventh century. Over the course of several centuries the Welsh steadily resisted their conquerors and were finally subdued only in the late 13th century. In southern Wales the people work mainly in industry (principally in the coal mines). In northern Wales the main occupation is agriculture (cattle raising). In the northern area, the Welsh language has been preserved to a certain degree, as well as indigenous features of material and spiritual culture.


Narody zarubezhnoi Evropy, vol. 2. Moscow, 1965. (Bibliography.)




Cymraeg, the language of the Welsh, who inhabit the peninsula of Wales, Great Britain. There are approximately 900,000 Welsh (1970 estimate). Most are bilingual. Welsh, together with Cornish and Breton, belongs to the Brythonic branch of the Celtic languages. All of these languages trace back to Common British and separated in the fifth and sixth centuries. Welsh is divided historically into Old (eighth to 11th centuries), Middle (12th to 14th centuries), and Modern (since the 15th century) Welsh. The Modern Welsh language has four dialects: Venodotian (northwestern), Powysian (northeastern, central), Demetian (southwestern), and Gwentian (southeastern). The Welsh literary language developed from the southern and central dialects. Characteristic features of Welsh include, mor-phophonologically, a well-developed system of initial consonant sound shifts and vowel alternations and a fairly simple noun system. The verb system is highly developed; a tendency to replace old synthetic forms with new analytic constructions is observed in Modern Welsh. There are many lexical borrowings from Latin. In the 1950’s and 1960’s, Welsh began to acquire official status in Wales. (Books and periodicals are published, and Welsh is taught at the university level.)


Morris-Jones, J.An Elementary Welsh Grammar. Oxford, 1953.
Collins-Spurrell Welsh Dictionary. Reedited by H. Lewis. London, 1960.


References in periodicals archive ?
If all three of us died, we would die all trying,'' Welch said in a telephone interview from Washington state.
Welch was previously the vice president, finance, corporate development and strategy at NetScaler, an Internet infrastructure company.
His players seemed to want the victory as much for Welch as for themselves.
Welch is not the first to propagate this lie, but I'm surprised he fell for it and repeated it without checking.
Welch initially fought back by spreading the word that his wife was having an affair with her chauffeur and bodyguard.
After retirement from the stage, she directed the Australian Ballet from 1983-1996, where she worked with Welch, and the Royal Danish Ballet from 1997-1999.
asks Welch, who has choreographed works for American Ballet Theatre and San Francisco Ballet.
Welch does not have a problem with these requests, but what bothers him is the fact that "bump-ups" require investigations, which can take anywhere from a couple of months to a year.
Welch also makes dozens of types of pacemaker battery insulator sleeves.
Welch, a licensed nurse and administrator, helped their endeavor grow from a "Mom and Pop" rest home, serving a handful of residents, to the first licensed nursing home in New England to an organization employing more than 1,500 caregivers and staff today and offering the full continuum of care.
But Welch documents the duke's hands-off policy, the economic implications of design choices, and a remarkable rivalry between German and Italian masters - the latter inspired by the French, not the provincial Lombards - which was exemplified in contrasting sacristy portals.