Welsh

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Related to welcher: in favor of, get stuck

Welsh

1
a language of Wales, belonging to the S Celtic branch of the Indo-European family. Welsh shows considerable diversity between dialects

Welsh

2
a white long-bodied lop-eared breed of pig, kept chiefly for bacon

Welsh

 

a people living on the peninsula of Wales of Great Britain. The Welsh population is about 900,000, according to the 1970 estimate. Their native language is Welsh. Almost all Welsh people speak English. A significant number of believers belong to the Anglican Church; the other believers belong to nonconformist sects, mainly the Methodist Church.

The ancestors of the Welsh people were the Celtic tribes, the Cymru and Britons, which were driven into the hills of Wales by the Anglo-Saxons in the seventh century. Over the course of several centuries the Welsh steadily resisted their conquerors and were finally subdued only in the late 13th century. In southern Wales the people work mainly in industry (principally in the coal mines). In northern Wales the main occupation is agriculture (cattle raising). In the northern area, the Welsh language has been preserved to a certain degree, as well as indigenous features of material and spiritual culture.

REFERENCE

Narody zarubezhnoi Evropy, vol. 2. Moscow, 1965. (Bibliography.)

I. N. GROZDOVA


Welsh

 

Cymraeg, the language of the Welsh, who inhabit the peninsula of Wales, Great Britain. There are approximately 900,000 Welsh (1970 estimate). Most are bilingual. Welsh, together with Cornish and Breton, belongs to the Brythonic branch of the Celtic languages. All of these languages trace back to Common British and separated in the fifth and sixth centuries. Welsh is divided historically into Old (eighth to 11th centuries), Middle (12th to 14th centuries), and Modern (since the 15th century) Welsh. The Modern Welsh language has four dialects: Venodotian (northwestern), Powysian (northeastern, central), Demetian (southwestern), and Gwentian (southeastern). The Welsh literary language developed from the southern and central dialects. Characteristic features of Welsh include, mor-phophonologically, a well-developed system of initial consonant sound shifts and vowel alternations and a fairly simple noun system. The verb system is highly developed; a tendency to replace old synthetic forms with new analytic constructions is observed in Modern Welsh. There are many lexical borrowings from Latin. In the 1950’s and 1960’s, Welsh began to acquire official status in Wales. (Books and periodicals are published, and Welsh is taught at the university level.)

REFERENCES

Morris-Jones, J.An Elementary Welsh Grammar. Oxford, 1953.
Collins-Spurrell Welsh Dictionary. Reedited by H. Lewis. London, 1960.

A. A. KOROLEV

References in periodicals archive ?
10), zu beleuchten--und zu erortern, woher die fur Beschaffung und Verarbeitung der Bronze erforderlichen Subsistenzmittel kamen und in welcher Form diese im Metall--oder ubrigen Tauschverkehr eingesetzt worden sein konnen.
Die Vorstruktur des Verstehens wurzelt in einem Weltglauben, welcher die Existenz der Welt nicht bezweifelt, stattdessen die Frage danach ermoglicht, was es fur uns bedeutet, dass eine Welt existiert.
Der Entstehung von Istanbuls "Lifestyle-Communities" ging eine Entwicklungsphase voraus, mit welcher, gekoppelt an die Liberalisierung der Wirtschaft auch die Kommodifizierung der Umwelt begann.
To Jeanne Welcher Kleinfield, for her long supportiveness of the magazine, and to the Post Library Association under its several chairpersons, and to Mary Wall and the late Edythe Cecil, both of whom served mightily for many years on Confrontation.
Daraus ergibt sich eine vielleicht treffendere Ubersetzung der ganzen Passage, in der es um die Haltung der Fernen Gottin (Mythos vom Sonnenauge) gegenuber dem Affen geht, welcher sie zuruckholen soll.
Ashley McCarty Welcher, sister of the bride, served as matron of honor.
5) A categorical imperative, on the other hand, "wurde der sein, welcher eine Handlung als fur sich selbst, ohne Beziehung auf einen andern Zweck, als objektiv-notwendig vorstellte" (would be one which represented an action as objectively necessary in itself, without reference to another end [25]).
21) "Der Begriff als solcher enthaelt die Momente der Allgemeinheit, als freier Gleichheit mit sich selbst in ihrer Bestimmtheit--der Besonderheit, der Bestimmtheit, in welcher das Allgemeine ungetruebt sich selbst gleich bleibt, und der Einzelnheit, als der Reflexion in sich der Bestimmtheiten der Allgemeinheit und Besonderheit, welche negative Einheit mit sich das an undfuer sich Bestimmte und zugleich mit sich Identische oder Allgemeine ist" (E, [section] 163).
That is, through the observation of oneself as a self-interested being, self-consciousness emerges: "Self-consciousness relates to the past and the present, to the acquisition or possession that is comprehended in the form of the imagination (of the fulfilled feeling); self-interest is directed toward the future, toward that which is yet to be reached, and does so in the form of desire" (Das Selbstbewusstsein bezieht sich auf Vergangenheit und Gegenwart, auf den Erwerb oder den Besitz, welcher in der Form des Vorstellens (der befriedigten Empfindung) aufgefasst wird; der Eigennutz geht auf die Zukunft, das erst zu Erreichende, und in der Form des Begehrens).
The themes of the octave are taken up immediately and varied in the first tercet in which the human, personal favour ("durch welcher Gunst") is intensified by the divine favour ("Dess frommen Himmels-Gunst") enjoyed by the Russian empire.
Heaven beckons as a place and in "einer Zeit, in welcher uns die Tranen abgewischt werden von den Augen und in der weder Leid sein wird noch Schmerz oder Geschrei" [in a time when the tears will be wiped from our eyes and there will be no more grief, or pain, or weeping and wailing] (109, 88).