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a language of Wales, belonging to the S Celtic branch of the Indo-European family. Welsh shows considerable diversity between dialects


a white long-bodied lop-eared breed of pig, kept chiefly for bacon



a people living on the peninsula of Wales of Great Britain. The Welsh population is about 900,000, according to the 1970 estimate. Their native language is Welsh. Almost all Welsh people speak English. A significant number of believers belong to the Anglican Church; the other believers belong to nonconformist sects, mainly the Methodist Church.

The ancestors of the Welsh people were the Celtic tribes, the Cymru and Britons, which were driven into the hills of Wales by the Anglo-Saxons in the seventh century. Over the course of several centuries the Welsh steadily resisted their conquerors and were finally subdued only in the late 13th century. In southern Wales the people work mainly in industry (principally in the coal mines). In northern Wales the main occupation is agriculture (cattle raising). In the northern area, the Welsh language has been preserved to a certain degree, as well as indigenous features of material and spiritual culture.


Narody zarubezhnoi Evropy, vol. 2. Moscow, 1965. (Bibliography.)




Cymraeg, the language of the Welsh, who inhabit the peninsula of Wales, Great Britain. There are approximately 900,000 Welsh (1970 estimate). Most are bilingual. Welsh, together with Cornish and Breton, belongs to the Brythonic branch of the Celtic languages. All of these languages trace back to Common British and separated in the fifth and sixth centuries. Welsh is divided historically into Old (eighth to 11th centuries), Middle (12th to 14th centuries), and Modern (since the 15th century) Welsh. The Modern Welsh language has four dialects: Venodotian (northwestern), Powysian (northeastern, central), Demetian (southwestern), and Gwentian (southeastern). The Welsh literary language developed from the southern and central dialects. Characteristic features of Welsh include, mor-phophonologically, a well-developed system of initial consonant sound shifts and vowel alternations and a fairly simple noun system. The verb system is highly developed; a tendency to replace old synthetic forms with new analytic constructions is observed in Modern Welsh. There are many lexical borrowings from Latin. In the 1950’s and 1960’s, Welsh began to acquire official status in Wales. (Books and periodicals are published, and Welsh is taught at the university level.)


Morris-Jones, J.An Elementary Welsh Grammar. Oxford, 1953.
Collins-Spurrell Welsh Dictionary. Reedited by H. Lewis. London, 1960.


References in periodicals archive ?
To give you an idea of the kind of character likely to be a welsher, two of the most famous were Arnold Rothstein and OJ Simpson.
Our business is public refrigerated warehouses, and temperature is key," Welsher said.
From left, at the Snowflakes reunion, are Mo Welsher, Marian Hughes, Bill Thorn, June Burke, Maureen Kendall, Joan Howell, Paula Thorn and Joan McDonald (sitting on floor) PICTURE: Andrew James (c)
Let no-one claim they are considerably Welsher than you.
But Griff's pedigree is Welsher than mine, and whoever christened him made sure he could never forget it.
Edith Welsher Risca SEEING the photo in the Echo on January 19 of a small figurine of Fred Keenor holding the FA Cup, I wondered if it would be possible to buy one of these figurines in aid of the statue fund?
IF you want Welsh rock, it doesn't get much Welsher or much more rocking than this.
Mavis Cross, of Penarth, Joan Howells, of Rumney, Marian Hughes, of Whitchurch, Joan McDonald, of Pontprennau, Jean Rowlands and Maureen Welsher of Llanishen and Kath Worths of the Heath, will unite for a special one-off performance with the Cardiff Philharmonic Orchestra tonight.
The district is almost all new build, middle-class and Welsher than anywhere else in the city except possibly parts of Pentyrch and almost certainly Pontcanna';
And now his daughter Maureen Welsher believes that he, along with other Cardiff residents who have carried out brave acts, should be immortalised in our new city museum.
Welsh rugby also seems, well, Welsher than it has been for a long time.
Thankfully he is also not one of those: 'I'm Welsher than you are' people, who for many non-Welsh- speaking Cardiff natives have made Plaid rather unpalatable over the years.