white-collar workers


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white-collar workers,

broad occupational grouping of workers engaged in nonmanual labor; frequently contrasted with blue-collar (manual) employees. American in origin, the term has close analogues in other industrial countries. Managers, salaried professionals, office workers, sales personnel, and proprietors are generally included in the category. Professionals and managers, however, are occasionally excluded. Since World War II the number of white-collar workers in the U.S. labor force has increased dramatically. Today they account for almost 50% of the labor force, outnumbering blue-collar workers by approximately 11 million persons. There is considerable difference of opinion concerning the political and social attitudes of white-collar workers. Some authorities, such as C. Wright Mills, author of White Collar (1951), contend that members of the group identify with the institutions for which they work and hence tend toward political conservatism. Others, pointing to white-collar unions such as the American Federation of Teachers and the Distributive Workers of America, claim that white-collar workers tend to identify with manual laborers and others who do not own the means of production.
References in periodicals archive ?
With the exception of the Americas, white-collar workers in every region were more confident about the local job market than their blue-collar counterparts.
White-collar workers (56%) reported using social media more than Qataris (35%) and blue-collar respondents (35%).
The results are reported in Table 3 and show that the largest employment effects are obtained from reducing workers' nonwage labor costs, especially for white-collar workers.
Pioneer of casual games, PopCap Games today unveiled the results of a survey of white-collar workers who play casual video games.
He examines various bills passed (or at least debated) before the enactment of the FLSA in 1938 that carved out exceptions for white-collar workers; he explores the treatment of white-collar workers in the federal government; he reviews the laws of foreign countries on the subject; and, most importantly, he analyzes in great detail the various regulations that DOL issued between 1938 and 2004 that try to clarify the meaning of this provision.
That Reich was known for exploiting the play of metal against fabric in many of her designs is obviously pertinent, but Havel's intention seems also to be an acknowledgement of her as someone who, like those white-collar workers referenced elsewhere, labored long and hard for scant recognition.
announced that it, too, would freeze pension plans for its white-collar workers.
Given that blue-collar workers are less likely to practice healthy lifestyle behaviours than white-collar workers (Morris, Conrad, Marcantonio, Marks, & Ribisl, 1999), there is a need for health policymakers and health-promotion practitioners to address the circumstances of male blue-collar workers.
But occupational cancer affects blue-collar workers more than white-collar workers.
Labor ministry mulls allowing white-collar workers to work longer
3 million salaried white-collar workers who were not entitled to overtime pay under the pre-existing regulations.
Using apprenticeship programs or technical schools, males became skilled workers and sometimes white-collar workers.