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wigwam(wĭg`wäm), dwelling found among the Algonquian of the Eastern woodlands area of the United States. The wigwam was usually conical, arborlike, or domed. Some were small, accommodating a single family; others were large communal dwellings. They were covered with squares of bark, with reed mats, or with thatch. Sometimes the word is incorrectly extended to almost all Native North American dwellings including the earth lodge and sometimes even the tepee and the wickiup.
a dwelling of the woodland Indians of North America, the Algonquians. It came into the literature as the name for any Indian dwelling that was dome-shaped, as op-posed to the conical tepee. To erect the wigwam, the Indians drove flexible tree trunks into the ground in a circle or an oval and bent the ends to form an arch. The framework of the wigwam was then covered with branches, bark, and mats.