wild rice


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wild rice,

tall aquatic plant (Zizania aquatica) of the family Poaceae (grassgrass,
any plant of the family Poaceae (formerly Gramineae), an important and widely distributed group of vascular plants, having an extraordinary range of adaptation. Numbering approximately 600 genera and 9,000 species, the grasses form the climax vegetation (see ecology) in
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 family), of a genus separate from common ricerice,
cereal grain (Oryza sativa) of the grass family (Graminae), probably native to the deltas of the great Asian rivers—the Ganges, the Chang (Yangtze), and the Tigris and Euphrates.
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 (Oryza). Wild rice (called also Canada rice, Indian rice, and water oats) is a hardy annual with broad blades, reedy stems, and large terminal panicles. It grows best in shallow water along the margins of ponds or lakes in the N United States and S Canada; certain varieties grow also in the Southern states. Strains have been developed since the 1970s that are amenable to mechanized cultivation.

The seeds were one of the chief foods of certain Native American tribes, especially in the Great Lakes region. Native Americans of the Algonquian linguistic family, especially the Ojibwa and Menominee, and certain Sioux warred for centuries for control of the wild-rice fields. The Ojibwa called the grain manomin [good berry], and the Menominee are believed to have been named for a variant of this word; it is said to have some 60 synonyms, from which a great number of geographical names have been taken.

Native Americans gathered the seeds by pulling the grain heads over their canoes and flailing them with paddles. The seeds were sun-dried or parched over a slow fire to crack the hulls, then the grain was threshed by tramping, and winnowed. The harvest was traditionally followed by a thanksgiving festival. The seed is harvested today, especially in Minnesota, for the epicurean market and local use and commands a high price. It is still gathered by traditional methods, though it is dried, threshed, and winnowed by mechanized means. The strains developed for large-scale commercial cultivation have been bred for uniform maturation and are grown paddies. Calfornia is the leading produce of these varieties, which are less expensive but often less flavorful than traditionally grown wild rice.

Wild rice is an important source of food and shelter for fish and waterfowl and is sown for this purpose. It is also planted as an ornamental grass in home garden ponds and bogs. The seed is usually sown in the spring; it should first be soaked in water overnight. Manchurian wild rice (Z. caducifolia) is a smaller plant native to NE Asia.

Wild rice is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Cyperales, family Poaceae.

Wild Rice

 

(Zizania Aquatica) a grass that grows wild in North America.

References in periodicals archive ?
For example, some people are using air boats to harvest wild rice now.
Decades ago, Manitoba's wild rice was harvested by native pickers, purchased in bulk by wholesalers, then processed and sold as an "exotic food" to distributors in Canada and the United States.
Authentic, hand-harvested wild rice grows in lakes and rivers across Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Canada.
Varieties include: Jambalaya, Red Beans & Rice, Yellow Rice, Long Grain & Wild Rice, Chicken & Herb Rice and Perfect White Rice.
They have also extended their vegetarian range with three new products: Wild rice spinach and honey roast, a blend of wild and brown rice, baked with spinach, mixed nuts, mature cheddar cheese and creme fraiche, topped with a selection of honey roast vegetables enhanced with rich ruby port; Mushroom and spinach slice with cranberry and orange sauce; and Nut roast.
Pam Norby created this appetizer as a way of saying thanks to a Minnesota relative for her yearly gift of freshly harvested wild rice.
Especially concerned are the Sakaogon Chippewa, whose wild rice beds lie at the end of the Wolf River tributary, Swamp Creek.
The research team is teasing apart the biogeochemical interactions between sulfate, nitrogen and the productivity of wild rice beds.
Its Simply Balanced Black Beluga Lentils, Cultivated Wild Rice, Farro, and Whole -Grain Garlic 6 Grain Blend are a steal.
5-ounce) pouch ready-to-serve whole-grain brown and wild rice mix
Friday: Chicken casserole, wild rice, Normandy vegetables, Caesar salad, orange.
He has some questions regarding the environmental impact of the process, but says experts tell him once the peat grade is taken away bogs could be replaced with fish aquaculture, wild rice farms, or water fowl habitat.