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the larvae of click beetles (Elateridae); pests of many agricultural crops and trees. The body resembles a piece of wire: it is long, thin, cylindrical (less commonly, flat), and covered with a thick cuticula. The coloration is yellow, cinnamon brown, or chestnut; rarely is it gray. There are three pairs of legs of equal length (in contrast to the legs of false wire-worms of the family Tenebrionidae). The USSR has more than 50 species of destructive wireworms. The worms usually live in soil, and their development into adults takes three to five years.

Many wireworm species feed on sown seeds and on the underground parts of plants. The most commonly infested crops include corn, sugar beets, potatoes, wheat, and rye. Wireworms cause considerable damage to seedlings in nurseries and in shel-terbelts for fields. The most common, numerous, and destructive larvae are Agriotes obscurus, A. sputator, A. linealus, A. gur-gistanus, Selatosumus latus, S. aeneus, and S. spretus.

There are several effective control measures, including destruction of weeds (especially feather grass, on which wire-worms often feed), use of ammonia fertilizers, and liming of acid soils. Also effective in destroying the larvae, pupae, and eggs of click beetles are autumn plowing, presowing cultivation of fall-plowed fields, and deep interrow tilling. Seeds may be treated with insecticides before sowing. To protect small areas the use of poisoned bait plants, that is, oat, barley, or corn seeds impregnated with insecticide, is effective. Broadcast before the actual crop is sown, the bait plants yield toxic shoots that destroy the wireworms.


Pospelov, S. M., M. V. Arsen’eva, and G. S. Gruzdev. Zashchita rastenii. Leningrad, 1973.


References in periodicals archive ?
Orientation response of Pacific coast wireworm (Coleoptera: Elateridae) to food baits in laboratory and effectiveness of baits in field.
Taking their cue from previous studies showing that the wild potatoes are resistant to Colorado potato beetles and green peach aphids, two disparate pests, the researchers decided to pit the plants against hungry wireworms as well.
Wireworms are most likely to infest newly broken ground like grassland, and as a rule tend to disappear with continued and thorough cultivation.
The creative was directed at Alberta potato growers where wireworm is a recognized problem and the majority of potatoes are destined for fries.
The wireworms are the larvae of two different species of Click Beetle and can live in the soil for up to five years before emerging in June to start a new life as a breeding adult.
Wireworms are the larvae of click beetles and are usually found in permanent pasture.
I HAVE a terrible problem with wireworms in my garden and a massive 4ins one made its way into my house.
In the widespread trials, the best Sarpo clones have also shown resistance to viruses, slugs and wireworms, so the foliage and tubers have grown vigorously on all the sites, producing such substantial foliage that it had the added advantage of smothering weeds.
Common Turf Problems Turf Insects Turf Diseases Other Problems * Ants * Anthracnose * Dogs * Army worms * Brown patch * Gophers * Bill bugs * Copper spot * Ground squirrels * Chinch bugs * Dollar spot * Mice * Cut worms * Fairy ring * Moles * Grubs * Fusarium blight * Human vandalism * Leaf hoppers * Leaf spots * Vehicles and * Mites * Net blotch equipment * Mole crickets * Nematodes * Periodical cicadas * Powdery mildew * Scale * Pythium blight * Sod webworm * Red thread * Weevils * Rots * Wireworms * Rusts * Slime molds * Smuts * Snow molds
Other tracer applications that followed with Spinks' help and inspiration included the measurement of phosphorus and calcium in eggs, the movement of wireworms, and the dispersion of grasshoppers, mosquitoes, and blackflies.
The cold also gets a chance to kill off soil pests such as Leatherjackets and wireworms, plus some annual weed seeds.