witchcraft and sorcery

witchcraft and sorcery

the use of MAGIC in an attempt to achieve ends which are socially disapproved, e.g. harmful to the victim. Whilst the terms are often used interchangeably, distinctions are also drawn.

For Evans-Pritchard (1937), in witchcraft the powers claimed or alleged are typically seen as ‘inherent’ and portrayed as pervasive in the individual, whilst in sorcery these powers are regarded as learned and are usually more specific (see also SHAMAN). Belief in witchcraft and sorcery occurs mainly in premodern societies. In tribal and preindustrial societies witchcraft functions as a mechanism for the expression of social strains and conflicts. According to Marwick (1970), accusations of witchcraft arise in contexts in which a misfortune occurs and an explanation is sought among those who may have some reason for practising witchcraft against the person experiencing the misfortune.

References in periodicals archive ?
The suspect was referred to Dubai Public Prosecution to finish the investigation after charges of fraud by using witchcraft and sorcery.
The mysterious thing about the talismans is that they all had female names and were wrapped in a Satanic way, which raises the issue of whether witchcraft and sorcery is being practised in Bahrain as a profession.
Islamic extremists in Syria have executed more than 3,000 people in the past year, and this week they added to the death toll by beheading two women after accusing them of witchcraft and sorcery, a rights watch group says.
Such court verdicts notwithstanding, tribals remain in the grip of witchcraft and sorcery.
Dubai Customs inspectors at Dubai International Airport foiled 155 attempts at smuggling nearly 10,000 articles -- weighing 97kg -- associated with the practice of witchcraft and sorcery by international passengers.
Dubai Customs foils 155 bids to smuggle up to 10,000 items associated with the practice of witchcraft and sorcery.
Witchcraft and Sorcery in East Africa, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Partially out of fear of the ability of obeah practitioners to empower the enslaved people to resist slavery, and as part of a broader strategy to try to exercise hegemonic control over them, slaveholders regarded obeah as witchcraft and sorcery and criminalized it.
In PNG, already beset by high rates of poverty and disease, some people are even attributing the rising incidence of HIV/AIDS to witchcraft and sorcery, thereby hurting efforts to slow down the spread of infection.
45) some anthropologists have made a distinction between witchcraft and sorcery by arguing that sorcerers are ordinary humans who have acquired techniques to harm others, while witches are supernatural beings who possess powers to do harm.
Likewise, in contemporary Melanesia, witchcraft and sorcery are perceived as important factors shaping people's living conditions.
describes essential elements of the Dobu worldview as they present themselves in the concept of the person, everyday exchanges, big gifts, witchcraft and sorcery, gifts of cash, strategic friendships, mortuary feasting, and other aspects.