endive

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endive:

see chicorychicory
or succory
, Mediterannean herb (Cichorium intybus) of the family Asteraceae (aster family), naturalized in North America, where the tall stalks of usually blue flowers are common along waysides and are known as blue-sailors.
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endive

a plant, Cichorium endivia, cultivated for its crisp curly leaves, which are used in salads: family Asteraceae (composites)
References in periodicals archive ?
TDZ- induced high frequency plant regeneration through multiple shoot formation in witloof chicory (Cichorium intybus L.
The rules have been relaxed on 26 fruit and veg - apricots, artichokes, asparagus, aubergines, avocados, beans, brussels sprouts, cauliflowers, cherries, courgettes, cucumbers, cultivated mushrooms, garlic, hazelnuts in shells, headed cabbage, leeks, melons, onions, peas, plums, ribbed celery, spinach, walnuts in shell, watermelons, witloof chicory.
witloof chicory [070521] and artichoke [070910]) in ES, G, H, N; mushrooms, fresh (070951, 52 .
Consider EU "Regulation (EEC) No 2213/83 of 28 July 1983 laying down quality standards for onions and witloof chicory.
The witloof (white leaf), or Belgian chicory, is grown for forcing in autumn for winter eating.
I'll certainly be sowing the 1977 Custard Pie marrow, the Hollow Crown parsnip (20p a packet in 1980) and the Witloof chicory you paid 33p for in 1984.
Both the latter types form hearts like those of lettuce, while Witloof grows as a rosette of leaves forming a deep root, which when harvested and trimmed can be forced in a warm, dark place to produce chicons ( white, leafy buds.