time and motion study

(redirected from work study)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Financial, Wikipedia.

time and motion study,

analysis of the operations required to produce a manufactured article in a factory, with the aim of increasing efficiency. Each operation is studied minutely and analyzed in order to eliminate unnecessary motions and thus reduce production time and raise output, which increases productivityproductivity,
in economics, the output of any aspect of production per unit of input. It is a measure of the output of a worker, machine, or an entire national economy in the creation of goods and services to produce wealth.
..... Click the link for more information.
. The first effort at time study was made by F. W. TaylorTaylor, Frederick Winslow,
1856–1915, American industrial engineer, b. Germantown, Pa., grad. Stevens Institute of Technology, 1883. He was called the father of scientific management.
..... Click the link for more information.
 in the 1880s. Early in the 20th cent., Frank and Lillian Gilbreth developed a more systematic and sophisticated method of time and motion study for industry, taking into account the limits of human physical and mental capacity and the importance of a good physical environment.

time and motion study

see SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT.

Time and Motion Study

 

a method of studying the utilization of working time by means of continuous observation and measurement of all expenditures of time over the course of a shift.

Time and motion studies are made in order to identify unused reserves of labor productivity. The information they provide is used to determine the way labor time has been actually used, the actual volume of production, and the rates of output over the course of a shift. The studies also reveal and explain losses of working time and provide data used in setting norms governing the time to be spent on starting up and shutting down processes and equipment and on maintaining the work area. Norms governing rest periods and the maintenance of equipment and machines are also set using data from the studies.

Time and motion studies make it possible to expose obsolete and erroneous norms, to analyze the utilization of working time by peredoviki (exemplary workers), to determine the optimal number of workers for a brigade and the most efficient way of dividing labor under the brigade method of labor organization, and to obtain data on the hourly level of output over the course of a shift. The studies can be carried out on individuals, groups, brigades, and operators of more than one machine. Other types of studies include those encompassing production lines and those carried out by the workers themselves.

In carrying out a time and motion study, the observer, after completing the preparatory steps, records all the operations performed by the worker or workers under observation and accounts for all expenditures of time over the course of a shift or shift segment. The observer’s report is then analyzed, and organizational and technical measures are introduced to eliminate time losses. The results of the study are also used in setting norms for the balance of the workday and in calculating coefficients of working time.

REFERENCES

Zakharov, N. N. Tekhnicheskoe normirovanie truda i mashinostroenii. Moscow, 1958.
Trugman, M. I., and A. I. Budilov. Spravochnik normirovshchika promyshlennogo predpriiatiia. Moscow, 1966.
Osnovnye metodicheskie polozheniia po normirovaniiu truda rabochikh v narodnom khoziaistve. Moscow, 1973.

B. F. NIKONOV

time and motion study

[¦tīm ən ′mō·shən ‚stəd·ē]
(industrial engineering)
Observation, analysis, and measurement of the steps in the performance of a job to determine a standard time for each performance. Also known as time-motion study.
References in periodicals archive ?
8 million in federal funds for work study, a figure that represents less than 1 percent of the annual return on its $8.
Because I met such great IREM mentors through my high school work study program, I was compelled to pursue a career in property management," Irvin said.
Such an argument would be present the work study specialist with an endless workload, some of which may not be very productive.
Cortex does not anticipate that future partnering discussions would include sleep disorder indications such discussions are unlikely to be affected by the shift work study findings.
Improved attention in the primates receiving CX717 in the Wake Forest study, as indicated by shorter response times, bodes well for the 60 patients in a three week CX717 Attention Deficit (ADHD) trial and the 45 subjects in the Night-Shift Work Study underway and sponsored by Cortex and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).
In addition to its private loan program, known as the Student Educational Loan Fund (SELF), Minnesota manages financial aid programs for the state, including scholarship, grant, work study and reciprocity programs.
Through a comprehensive curriculum, the Corporate Work Study Program, and a close partnership with families, North Cambridge Catholic prepares its graduates to become exceptional business and community leaders.
In addition to its private loan program, known as the Student Educational Loan Fund (SELF), MHESO manages financial aid programs for the state, including scholarship, grant, work study and reciprocity programs.
In addition to playing a diverse mix of music programming ranging from hip hop to rock, CTN also features regular segments on everyday campus life including food, fashion, sports, travel, work study and much more.
Bank to implement a direct deposit program for students receiving financial aid and work study funds.
Founded in 1955 as the California State Scholarship Commission, the Commission's primary program responsibilities include several targeted State grant, scholarship, loan assumption, work study and outreach programs.
In addition, the parties will benefit from a new apprentice cooperative work study program, which is designed to develop future licensed Airframe & Powerplant mechanics for future employment at AirTran Airways.