xanthoma


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Related to xanthoma: lipoma, verrucous xanthoma

xanthoma

[zan′thō·mə]
(medicine)
A yellowish mass of lipid-filled histocytes occurring in subcutaneous tissue, often around tendons.
References in periodicals archive ?
Xanthomas consist of a focal collection of tissue histiocytes containing lipids and can be found in subcutaneous tissue and, less commonly, in tendons.
An Achilles tendon xanthoma is a valuable physical sign for screening for individuals with a high risk of heart disease and to diagnose FH, especially after the age of 40 years.
The differential diagnosis for a New World parrot straining to defecate includes internal papillomatis disease, hemangioma, hemangiosarcoma, lipoma, liposarcoma, infitrative lipoma, xanthoma, lymphosarcoma, fibroma, fibrosarcoma, adenocarcinoma, granuloma, and dystocia or other diseases involving the reproductive tract.
A xanthoma is a collection of cholesterol which forms a swelling of the tendons, typically around the ankles and the wrists.
In mammals, the term xanthoma has historically referred to a yellow cutaneous mass formed by lipid deposited within tissues and associated with hyperlipidemia.
Xanthoma cells and muciphages are the most common cell constituents of foam cell infiltrates.
This phenotype lacks the "classical" tuberous and palmar xanthoma seen in recessive type III HLP, and the lipid profile in apoE3[DELTA] 149Leu depends more on an intact spleen than a second hit.
Stout first described malignant fibrous histiocytoma in 1964 and called it malignant fibrous xanthoma.
Xanthoma of the prostate: a mimicker of high-grade prostate adenocarcinoma.
Patient date of birth, sex, presence of arcus cornealis, and presence of tendon xanthoma were noted.
To confirm the efficacy of JL1 expression in the differential diagnosis of LC, we performed immunohistochemical staining of other skin lesions, including those from patients with Sweet syndrome, GVHD, cutaneous lymphomas, Merkel cell carcinoma, Langerhans cell histiocytosis, eruptive xanthoma, and other inflammatory diseases.
These infiltrating xanthoma cells often have small, round nuclei and abundant clear or vacuolated cytoplasm (Figure 3).