xylose


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Related to xylose: Lyxose, xylopyranose, xylose test

Xylose

A pentose sugar, referred to in the early literature as l -xylose. It is present in many woody materials. The polysaccharide xylan, which is closely associated with cellulose, consists practically entirely of d- xylose. Corncobs, cottonseed hulls, pecan shells, and straw contain considerable amounts of this sugar. This pentose sugar is also a component of the hemicelluloses and the rare disaccharide, primeverose. See Carbohydrate

xylose

[′zī‚lōs]
(biochemistry)
C5H10O5 A pentose sugar found in many woody materials; combustible, white crystals with a sweet taste; soluble in water and alcohol; melts about 148°C; used as a nonnutritive sweetener and in dyeing and tanning. Also known as wood sugar.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mutagenized conidia were grown in the Eggin's and Pugh medium with 2% xylose and 0.
2007) studied growth and xylose consumption using Candida guilliermondii in the hydrolyzed liquor of sugarcane bagasse and found maximum growth at 48 h of fermentation.
3] full factorial design with three replicates in the central point (Table 1) to evaluate the influence of the mixture of inhibitors on xylose bioconversion into ethanol by P.
The isolates appeared as small punctuate grayish white colonies on xylose lysine deoxycholate agar after 24 hrs of incubation at 37[degrees]C.
Foraging preferences of ghost ants (A) when different sugars were offered simultaneously (Xy, Gl, Fr, Su, Tr, Me, Ra, Rh, M-H, and A-H denote xylose, glucose, fructose, sucrose, trehalose, melezitose, raffinose, rhamnose, mealybug honeydew, and aphid honeydew, respectively); and (B) when different concentrations of sucrose were offered simultaneously.
Jackson S and Nicolson SW (2001) Xylose as a nectar sugar: from biochemistry to ecology.
The addition of the carbohydrate biding domain to Thermotoga's xylose isomerase successfully immobilized the enzyme to chitin beads.
Muthuvelayudham and Viruthagiri (2006) analyzed the influence of different carbon sources such as glucose, lactose and xylose in submerged fermentation using three isolates of T.
Deinococcus bacteria are the only microorganisms that are able to co-assimilate all C6 and C5 sugars1 found in industrial biomass (glucose, xylose, also arabinose, etc.
83 mol/mol for xylose as the substrate for immobilized cell fermentation.
Molecular biologist Ron Hector, meanwhile, led work on the microorganisms needed to ferment xylose into ethanol.
During the challenge period, patients were given capsules containing either wheat or xylose for 2 consecutive weeks.