zadruga


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zadruga,

village community of the South Slavs. The zadruga, a large family or clan organized on a patrilineal basis, lived together in one dwelling and held all land, livestock, and money in common. The oldest able member of the community was usually its ruler, responsible for allotting tasks to the members. This system, which was common to all the South Slavs, existed in Serbia into the 20th cent.

Zadruga

 

a large patriarchal family among the South Slavs. Until the late 19th century, the zadmga represented “the best existing example of such a family community” (F. Engels, Proiskhozhdenie sem’i, chastnoi sobstvennosti i gosudarstva, 1963, p. 62). The zadmga usually consisted of 20-30 persons (sometimes as many as 50-80)—the sons of a single father with their wives and children—living in one household. Production and consumption were communal. The father was the head of the household (domachin, gospodar\ glavatar’)’, it was he who directed the entire life of the family with the help of his wife (domachitsa, gospodaritsa), who was in charge of the women’s work. In the second half of the 19th century, the development of capitalist relations among the South Slavs facilitated the division of zadmga into individual families; since the early 20th century it has been rare and vestigial.

REFERENCE

Kosven, M. O.Semeinaia obshchina i patronimiia. Moscow, 1963.
References in periodicals archive ?
Os casamentos eram arranjados de maneira a manter a integridade da zadruga.
Women's World, an organ of the Serbian Women's Charitable Cooperative owned by Dobrotvorna Zadruga Srpkinja Novosatkinja (Charitable Cooperative of Serbian Women from Novi Sad), (3) was read by Serbian women from 1886 to 1914.
Pendant des decennies, il poursuit ainsi l'analyse de la obste devalmasa, cette matrice de l'organisation villageoise roumaine, proche et differente quand meme du mir slave ou de la zadruga serbe.
3) Ana Somlo, Hazari ili obnova vizantijskog romana (Belgrade: BIGZ, Srpska knjizevna zadruga, Narodna knjiga, 1990), 149.
See Glisic, Moje uspomene (Belgrade: Srpska knjizevna zadruga, 1933), 24-26.
21) See Jovanovic, Iz starog Beograda, 167; Branislav Kojic, "TopCider i Topoidersko brdo do 1914," in Beograd u secanjima, 1900-1918 (Belgrade: Srpska knjizevna zadruga, 1977), 14150; Branko Maksimovic, "O zelenilu Beograda," Godisnjak Muzeja grada Beograda 3 (1956): 325-66; Milanovic, Zelenilo, 134--49; Milanovic, Zasticenaprirodna, 78-81.
Lepenski Vir: Nova praistorijska kultura u Podunavlju, Belgrade: Srpska Knjizevna Zadruga.
24) This decision was significant for the area of Vojvodina because the first woman physician in Novi Sad, Kornelija Rakic, had obtained a degree in medicine at Budapest University with a scholarship from the Novi Sad Serbian Women's Charity Foundation (Dobrotvoma Zadruga Srpkinja Novosatkinja).
knjizevna zadruga, 2002)--was promoted at his memorial house in
Kosovo i Metohija u srpskoj istoriji, (Belgrade: Srpska knjizevna zadruga, 1989); Matija Beckovic, Kosovo: Najskuplja srpska rec, (Valjevo: Glas crkve, 1989); Radovan Samardzic, Kosovsko opredeljenje: Istorijski ogledi, (Belgrade: Srpska knjizevna zadruga, 1990).