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(zə-kät`) [Arab.,=purification], Islamic religious tax, one of the five basic requirements (arkan or "pillars") of Islam. All adult Muslims of sound mind and body with a set level of income and assets are expected to pay zakat. Zakat is due yearly on certain types of property and is distributed to eight categories of individuals specified by the Qur'an. These categories are usually defined to include orphans, the poor, travelers, beggars, debtors, slaves, and the efforts to propagate Islam. Zakat is payable, at different rates, on crops, harvests, herds, gold and silver, and merchandise. For gold and silver, which is understood to include all liquid assets, the rate is 2.5%. Being religiously prescribed, zakat is distinct from charity (sadaqa) which is voluntary. Zakat is essentially a personal exercise with no intermediary control, and could be given directly to its recipients, although a central treasury often collects it. In recent times, Pakistan, Sudan, and Saudi Arabia have enacted legislation to enforce the zakat.



(Arabic, ‘‘purification”), a religious “purifying tax” among the Muslims; it is prescribed in the Koran and its size and the rules concerning its use are discussed in the sharia. The zakat was designed for the maintenance of Muhammad and his family and for aid to the poor, travelers, and the participants in the “holy wars1’(jihad). In the feudal Muslim state, the zakat was levied (only from Muslims) on cattle, handicrafts, trade profits, personal money, and precious stones and jewels. Today, the zakat is a voluntary contribution to the Muslim clergy.

References in periodicals archive ?
Secretary Zakat and Ushr Habib ur Rehman Gillani, Administrator Zakat Punjab Muhammad Yousaf Butt besides other officers concerned were present on the occasion.
The minister warned that strict action will be taken against the chairman zakat who failed to form zakat committees in his district on preferential basis.
Speaking to occasion, Punjab Law Minister, Rana Sanaullah Khan said that Punjab government was taking a number of steps for welfare of the down trodden and Zakat funds were being utilized through a transparent system for the betterment of deserving people.
Abdullah bin Aqeeda Al Muhairi, secretary-general of the fund, said that this amount does not take into account all of the means available to pay Zakat, such as the Zakat mobile app, the fund's website, text messaging and machines deployed across the country.
The Zakat was distributed to the more underprivileged minors as part of the Dubai government's efforts to take care of their basic needs as well as those of their families," he added.
The minister reviewed in the meeting she held Tuesday with the secretary general of the Zakat chamber, Mohamed Abdul-Raziq, and the director of the institute of the Zakat sciences, Nasr-Eddin Fadlallmula, the preparations, arrangements, the technical procedures for the convening of the conference in which a number of scientific papers would be presented.
Socially-speaking, zakat is directly influenced by the welfare of society and it continues to develop according to its progress.
He underlined the Zakat House keenness to hold this symposium regularly which had so far debated more than 160 researches and working papers.
Secretary Zakat & Ushr Habib-ur-Rehman Gillani, Administrator Zakat Muhammad Yousaf Butt and other relevant officers also attended the meeting.
Zakat, one of the five pillars of Islam, is payable as 2.
Dr Mohamed Khalifa al Kubaisi, head of Zakat Services Department, who offered the certificates, said,"We are here today to thank those who pay zakat voluntarily even though zakat is not obligatory by law in Qatar.
A report issued by the department said that Zakat proceeds are being paid to Zakat beneficiaries by the Social Security Agency of Ministry of Social Affairs, noting that revenue tax on foreign firms except tax of companies operating in the oil sector amounted to about 12.