Particularly, the assaulter can first utilize a zero vector
as the beginningK = [([t.
S] shows space vector amplitude, DC voltage, modulation index, active state vector computation time, zero vector
computation time and switching period respectively.
Along with appropriate zero vector
, these voltage and current vectors can be applied to create the required magnitude and direction of output voltage vector as well as input current vector.
p/q] must be a zero vector
, as shown in (14), which can be regarded as a linear system of q + 1 equations with p + 1 unknowns.
If there is only a static gravitational field with zero vector
potential, then [D.
The active vector and zero vector
switching times are calculated using (1).
3) there is a unique vector 0 in V , called the zero vector
, such that a + 0 = a for all a in V;
Since the gradient of the function at the optimum point is a zero vector
and close to the optimum point a vector with a small norm, the optimum of the function [n.
The mean vector is set to equal the zero vector
, m = 0.
Translating the centroid to the zero vector
will simplify the study of it.
Finally, the optimization process is terminated when the search direction vector becomes a zero vector
(0, 0, 0, 0).
If we define a sequence of infinite vectors to be convergent if the sequence of j-th components converges for every j, then the sequence that represents the evolution of the contents of the urn converges to the infinite dimensional zero vector