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(invertebrate zoology)
An early larval stage of decapod crustaceans distinguished by a relatively large cephalothorax, conspicuous eyes, and large, fringed antennae.



a pelagic larva, one of the developmental stages of decapods. The body consists of a cephalothorax and a segmented abdomen. Only the front thoracic appendages (maxillipeds) and only the hind abdominal appendages (uropods; absent in crab zoea) are developed; the rest are in the embryonic state. The eyes are sessile. The zoea swims with the aid of its maxillipeds. The unique crab zoea have an almost spherical cephalothorax (with long fore, dorsal, and two lateral spines) and narrow abdomen.

References in periodicals archive ?
crinipes correspond to those that define the zoeae of Grapsidae according to Fransozo et al.
Mostly, the zoeae, which either moved with water current created by aeration or clung to the sides of the tanks survived better.
The null hypothesis was that there are no differences in the development rate or survival of zoeae brooded in or developing in waters of southern Californian embayments when compared with zoeae developing in a nearby exposed coastal environment.
At the beginning of the benthic stage, the juvenile octopuses were fed a mix of king crab zoeae and live wild juveniles of the crab Petrolisthes laevigatas; later they were fed only juvenile crabs weighing between 0.
A description of laboratory-reared zoeae of Cancer magister Dana and megalopae taken under natural conditions (Decapoda: Brachyura).
Hatching of eggs occurs near the barrier islands with the zoeae (first larval stage) immediately transported to surface waters of the open GOM (Perry & Stuck 1982).
harrisii zoeae are retained in estuaries near the adult habitats (Sandifer, 1973, 1975; Cronin, 1982; Goncalves et al.
Females spawn on the continental shelf at about 30 m of depth, where larvae develop, passing through several changes in feeding habitats, behavior, and physical stages (nauplii, zoeae, myses) (Dobkin, 1961; Ewald, 1965; Jones et al.
If larger eggs produced early in the spawning season yield zoeae and postsettlement juveniles with better survivorship, then the number of postsettlement juveniles should have been high in 1993, and possibly 1994, compared with 1995, assuming that overall spawning effort was statistically similar over months and years.
Zoeae I are completely lecithotrophic, but all yolk reserves are used or disappear after the molt to Zoea II which, as in later stages, is completely planktotrophic (Bauer & Delahoussaye, 2008 and references therein).