Phycomycosis

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Phycomycosis

 

an infectious disease of farm animals (mainly the young), as well as mink and fish, caused by pathogenic fungi of the family Mucoraceae. The disease also affects humans. Infection takes place through the respiratory organs, the alimentary canal, injured skin, or mucous membranes, in which nodules of tissue (granulomas) and suppurative ulcers form. The disease affects the viscera, mainly the intestine and lungs, the skin of the extremities and head, and the mucous membranes of the nose and its accessory sinuses. Depending on the site of infection, animals may suffer from diarrhea, exhaustion, swelling of the subcutaneous lymph nodes, ulceration of the skin and nasal septum, and miscarriage.

An effective means of treating phycomycosis has not been developed. Prevention mainly includes the observance of sanitary conditions in housing and feeding animals. Supervising the quality of feed is especially important.

REFERENCES

Spesivtseva, N. A. Mikozy i mikotoksikozy, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1964.
References in periodicals archive ?
This case report documents a successful L-AmB challenge and possible desensitization in a very severe neutropenic patient with AAA who had aspergillosis as well as zygomycosis and had a prior anaphylactic reaction associated with L-AmB.
In our centre we diagnosed nine cases of primary cutaneous zygomycosis between November 2001 and September 2007.
15) Other infections had been associated with this phenomenon, including actinomycosis, (16) aspergillosis, (17) and zygomycosis particularly basidiosis.
you need to keep this organism in mind," said Diagnosis of zygomycosis relies on evidence from a biopsy of tissue invasion with hyphae.
To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of laryngeal zygomycosis in a patient with a non-neutropenic solid tumor and the first reported case of simultaneous laryngeal and cutaneous zygomycosis.
Zygomycosis (also called mucormycosis) is a generic term that refers to infections of the class Zygomycetes (also called Phycomycetes); they tend to be both opportunistic and invasive.
Cutaneous zygomycosis may be gradual and slowly progressive or may be aggressive and fulminant leading to necrotizing lesions and haematogenous dissemination.
Romano C, Ghilardi A, Massai L et al: Primary subcutaneous zygomycosis due to Rhizopus oryzae in a 71-year-old man with normal immune status.
Gastric zygomycosis diagnosed by brushing cytology.
Coverage includes avian influenza, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), changing patterns of respiratory viral infections in transplant recipients, West Nile virus, emergence of novel retroviruses, community- associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, the emerging role of Klebsiella in liver abscess, zygomycosis, emerging food- and waterborne protozoan diseases, multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter infections in US military personnel, and adverse events in smallpox vaccination.
We still don't know what is the best treatment for aspergillosis or for zygomycosis.
Pythiosis, lagenidiosis, and zygomycosis in small animals.