Fiqh

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Fiqh

 

(literally, “understanding”), Islamic jurisprudence. Fiqh is based on the Koran, the sunna, ijma, and qiyas (analogical reasoning using the Koran). Sunni (seeMADHAB) and Shia schools of fiqh developed by the mid-ninth century.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.