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(One Laptop per Child, Cambridge, MA, www.laptop.org) A research initiative of MIT Media Labs devoted to the creation of a $100 PC for educating children in developing countries around the world. Founded in 2005 by Nicholas Negroponte, OLPC laptops are geared to the educational ministries of governments that can purchase thousands of units at a time.

Taiwan-based Quanta Computer was selected as the original design manufacturer (ODM), and manufacturing began in late 2007. Although $100 was the target, a manufacturing cost of about $190 was announced for the first run of 300,000 units, a smaller order than anticipated.

Unexpected Competition
Although orders for millions of OLPCs were expected by 2007, Intel persuaded several countries to use its own low-cost PC (see Classmate). Negroponte admonished Intel for interfering with his non-profit venture to help the poor. Soon after, Intel joined OLPC's board to help design future products but withdrew in 2008. For details about OLPC models, see XO computer.

The OLPC Laptop
The laptop was designed to help stimulate and educate millions of kids in countries that would not otherwise have access to computers. (Image courtesy of the One Laptop Per Child Association, www.laptop.org)

An XO Machine Running Sugar
Since the OLPC's logo is an abstract person (X for the body; O for the head), the OLPC is called the "XO" computer. Its graphical interface is "Sugar," which boots up with icons of friends and activities. See XO computer. (Image courtesy of One Laptop Per Child Association, www.laptop.org)
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References in periodicals archive ?
Are the rural schools of the Democratic Republic of Congo ready for the $100 laptop? Turkish Online Journal of Educational technology, 5(4).
IN HIS CALL FOR A $100 LAPTOP for education in 2005, Nicholas Negroponte changed the course of computer history.
From the creation of a $100 laptop to the use of nuclear power to meet sustainable energy needs, fast-paced technological innovation has created new promise and posed complex challenges for the developing world.
The nomination for the internet is supported by 2003 Nobel Peace Prize winner Shirin Ebadi and the founder of the $100 laptop project Nicholas Negroponte.
A key initiative at MIT is the One Laptop Per Child Project (formerly known as the $100 laptop project) that aims--as both its names suggest--to put a specially-designed, low-cost laptop in the hands of every child in the world's developing countries.
The brief dalliance with Intel and the breakup enhanced the drama surrounding the "$100 laptop" project, a Massachusetts Institute of Technology spinoff that originally had intended to have sold millions of innovative green laptops in the developing world by now.
I love the idea of the $100 laptop for every person on the planet, the Google scanning of every book on the planet.
Recent posts on his blog include a review of the LG8700 cell phone (Pogue's personal phone), recording TV with the new TiVo series 3, the new XO $100 laptop, and the latest iPhone update.
ORIGINALLY, I planned to write this column entirely about the $100 laptop, the brainchild of Nicholas Negroponte.
Addressing these problems and through a commitment to the use of ICT in rural schools, the new $100 Laptop, proposed by MIT, appears to be the answer to many of the issues.
According to OLPC's CTO Mary Lou Jepsen, "The $100 laptop offers a cheaper alternative to current textbook expenditures in much of the developing world, while also giving the child not only an infinite number of textbooks, but numerous entries to interactive, unbounded, and peer-to-peer learning."
Scientists hope a $100 laptop will let kids all over the world own a computer.