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(ā`to͞od), a brief musical composition, usually for piano, fashioned to instruct an instrumentalist in a particular technical problem, such as scales or trills. Succeeding the toccata, popular in the baroque period, the étude was developed into a compactly crafted musical form by Frédéric Chopin and Franz Liszt.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in music, an instrumental composition devoted to a special problem of technique and written with the intent of developing the player’s technical facility. Etudes are usually gathered in collections containing pieces designed to help the player acquire a variety of technical skills; notable examples are the piano etudes piano of M. Clementi, K. Czerny, and J. Cramer and the violin etudes of R. Kreutzer and P. Rode. Numerous piano etudes, such as those of F. Chopin, R. Schumann, F. Liszt, C. Debussy, S. V. Rachmaninoff, A. N. Scriabin, and S. S. Prokofiev, are of high artistic merit.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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