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Öland(ö`länd), narrow island (1995 pop. 25,690), 520 sq mi (1,347 sq km), Kalmar co., SE Sweden, in the Baltic Sea, separated from mainland Sweden by the Kalmarsund. Borgholm is the chief town; there are many summer resorts on the island. Sugar beets, cereals, and vegetables are grown, and cattle are raised. Cement making and quarrying are important industries. The island also has some industries and a fishing fleet. Öland has numerous monuments dating from the Stone Age and was first mentioned in the 8th cent. It has often been a battleground in the frequent wars among the Scandinavian countries.
a Swedish island in the Baltic Sea. Öland, which has a population of 21,200 (1974), is 136 km long, with a maximum width of 16 km and an area of 1,342 sq km. It is separated from the mainland by Kalmarsund, over which there is a highway bridge more than 6 km in length. The island is a limestone plateau that has elevations up to 57 m and is partially covered by moraine deposits. Karst has developed on the island. There are broad-leaved forests of oak and ash, pine forests, and heaths. Agriculture includes the cultivation of rye and sugar beets and the raising of livestock. The city of Borgholm is situated on the island.