Utica

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Utica

(yo͞o`tĭkə), ancient N African city, c.25 mi (40 km) NW of Carthage. According to tradition, it was founded by Phoenicians from Tyre c.1100 B.C. Second in importance to Carthage, Utica usually allied itself with that city, but in the Third Punic War it sided with Rome against Carthage. Upon the destruction of Carthage (146 B.C.), Utica was made the capital of the Roman province of Africa. It fell (A.D. 439) to the Vandals, was recaptured (534) by the Byzantines, and was finally destroyed (c.700) by the Arabs. Excavations at the site have yielded two Punic cemeteries and Roman ruins, including baths and a villa with mosaics.

Utica,

city (1990 pop. 68,637), seat of Oneida co., central N.Y., on the Mohawk River and the Erie CanalErie Canal,
artificial waterway, c.360 mi (580 km) long; connecting New York City with the Great Lakes via the Hudson River. Locks were built to overcome the 571-ft (174-m) difference between the level of the river and that of Lake Erie.
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, in a large dairy region; inc. 1862. It is a port of entry, and its manufactures include electrical, electronic, and consumer goods; transportation and medical equipment; machinery and tools; leather, canvas, paper, metal, and stone products; and textiles. Settled in 1773 on the site of old Fort Schuyler (1758), it was destroyed (1776) in a Native American and Tory attack and resettled after the Revolution. Its location on the Erie and other canals and on the railroads stimulated its industrial development.

Like the string of industrial towns and cities from southern New England through upstate New York and into the Midwest, Utica has experienced a major reduction in manufacturing activity in the past several decades, leading to serious financial straits. However, since the late 1990s there has been considerable revitilization of the downtown area, as well as new manufacturing facilities and commercial development, both in Utica itself and in the surrounding suburbs. The Munson-Williams-Proctor Arts Institute is there, and Utica has an extensive park system. It is the seat of Utica College (a branch of Syracuse Univ.) and the State Univ. of New York Institute of Technology.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Utica

 

an ancient seaport in North Africa, located northwest of Carthage, at the site of the present-day village of Hanshir-BuSator in Tunisia. Founded about 1100 B.C., Utica became part of the Carthaginian state. It conducted extensive trade by sea. After the destruction of Carthage by the Romans in 146 B.C., Utica became the administrative center of the Roman province of Africa. The city still existed in the sixth century A.D., although its harbor had filled up with sand in the third or fourth century. Intermittent excavations were conducted in the 19th and early 20th centuries; a necropolis with burials dating from the eighth century B.C. was excavated in the late 1940’s and early 1950’s.


Utica

 

a city in the northeastern USA, in the state of New York; situated on the Mohawk River. Population, 85,000 (1975; including the neighboring city of Rome and suburbs, 340,000). Utica is a port on the Erie Canal. Industry employs 35,000 workers (1975). The city produces electronic calculators; radar equipment; instruments and parts for airplanes, satellites, and rockets; industrial equipment and tools; and firearms. Knitwear and clothing accessories are also produced. Utica was founded in 1773.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Utica

an ancient city on the N coast of Africa, northwest of Carthage
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005