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see Bohemian ForestBohemian Forest,
Czech Český Les, Ger. Böhmerwald, mountain range, extending c.150 mi (240 km) along the S Czech-German border and extending into Austria. The Czech name for its southern section is Sumava.
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mountains on the border of Czechoslovakia with the Federal Republic of Germany and Austria, forming the southwestern border of the Bohemian Massif. The Šumava consists of two parallel ranges with a length of approximately 140 km. The maximum elevation, at Mount Grosser Arber, is 1,456 m. The mountains are composed mainly of granites, gneisses, and schists. The smoothed surface of the peak shows traces of ancient glaciation. The slopes are covered with beech and spruce forests and meadows.