16-bit computing

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16-bit computing

CPUs that process 16 bits as a single unit, compared to 8, 32 or 64. The first personal computers in the late 1970s used 8-bit CPUs but migrated to 16 bits with the IBM PC in 1981. In the mid-1980s, PCs jumped to 32 bits with the Intel 386, and the Mac debuted with the 32-bit Motorola 68000 CPU. See 8088, 386 and 68000.

The 16-bit CPUs are still used as embedded processors in myriad products that do not require the higher speed. However, over the years, a lot of design effort went into 32-bit CPUs, making them faster, more efficient, smaller and less expensive and competitive with 16-bit CPUs for numerous embedded applications. See 8-bit computing, 32-bit computing and bit specifications.


References in periodicals archive ?
Thanks to HiFi technology, serious audiophiles can look forward to streaming 16-bit FLAC CD quality tracks on select speakers and amplifiers.
HiFi listeners in the region can sign up for Deezer HiFi on Deezer.com and enjoy 16-bit FLAC audio quality on the Deezer desktop app, B&O, Sony, Samsung and more.
This vendor has added five new models to its general-purpose M2p.59xx Series PCIe 16-bit digitizer cards.
The climactic scene at the end of 'Star Wars: The Last Jedi' has been recreated to look like a cutscene from an old 16-bit video game and it looks good.
It includes 16-bit to 24-bit delta sigma converters for precision measurements, up to 16-bit high-speed pipeline ADCs for communications and 8-bit to 20-bit low power successive approximation register (SAR) analog to digital converter for everything in between.
What if the first Harvest Moon, the classic 16-bit farming simulator, had been made in a post-Minecraft, post-Bioware age in which customisation and characters were as important as addictive gameplay?
Keyence's VK-X250 3D Laser Scanning Microscope combines high-accuracy laser scanning with a high-sensitivity, 16-bit photomultiplier, making 3-D measurements fast and easy.
The MSP430 MCU family consists of 16-bit embedded MCUs, designed for low-power and ultra-low-power consumption and currently used in many diverse industries across the embedded market.
Linear Technology Corporation (Milpitas, CA) introduces the LTC2668-16, a 16-channel, 16-bit voltage output digital-to-analog converter (DAC) with SoftSpan[TM] outputs, each of which can be independently configured for one of five selectable unipolar and bipolar output ranges up to [+ or -] 10 V.
Compressed instruction set architecture (ISA) thus becomes one of solutions to such code size problem, and dual instruction set processors such as ARM/Thumb [1] and MIPS/MIPS16 [2] can execute both a normal 32-bit instruction set and a compressed 16-bit instruction set, which in fact is a subset of frequently used 32-bit instructions.
M2 EQUITYBITES-November 12, 2012-IDT launches Low-power Dual 16-bit DAC with JESD204B(C)2012 M2 COMMUNICATIONS http://www.m2.com
Programming 16-bit PIC microcontrollers in C; learning to fly the PIC 24, 2d ed.