July Revolution

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July Revolution

July Revolution, revolt in France in July, 1830, against the government of King Charles X. The attempt of the ultraroyalists under Charles to return to the ancien régime provoked the opposition of the middle classes, who wanted more voice in the government. The banker Jacques Laffitte was typical of the bourgeois who supported liberal journalists, such as Adolphe Thiers, in opposing the government. Liberal opposition reached its peak when Charles called on the reactionary and unpopular Jules Armand de Polignac to form a new ministry (Aug., 1829). When the chamber of deputies registered its disapproval, Charles dissolved the chamber. New elections (July, 1830) returned an even stronger opposition majority. Charles and Polignac responded with the July Ordinances, which established rigid press control, dissolved the new chamber, and reduced the electorate. Insurrection developed, and street barricades and fighting cleared Paris of royal troops. Charles X was forced to flee and abdicated in favor of his grandson, Henri, conte de Chambord. Henri was set aside, and, although there was a movement for a republic, the duc d'Orléans was proclaimed (July 31) king of the French as Louis Philippe. His reign was known as the July Monarchy.


See study by D. H. Pinkney (1972).

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The PS122m glass and polished aluminium building sits on a disused mine, housing hundreds of exhibits from the Louvre, including Eugene Delacroix's "Liberty Leading the People" a painting commemorating the 1830 revolution. Wales' football revolution has been going on for some time, led by its own gleaming, expensive hope built on the scars of the past.
Feminist admirers subsequently depicted her as a free woman escaping an unhappy marriage, but Rogers pleads for a political reading of Luce's motivations, speculating about exposure to utopian socialist ideas in the wake of the July 1830 Revolution. What is certain is that once in Algeria she became acquainted with well-implanted Saint-Simonian circles, partook in their fascination for the Orient, and espoused their belief in the emancipatory power of education.
The book's basic thesis is that the French invented European socialism in the 1830 revolution, and that it was not the product of 19th century unionism--working people fighting for specific decent labor conditions--but of the 19th century equivalent of hippies, who did not like the idea of having to work at all.
The Requiem was composed in 1837 after Adrien de Gasparin, France's Minister of the Interior, asked Berlioz to write a Requiem Mass to remember the soldiers who died in the July 1830 Revolution. Berlioz readily accepted the request, having wanted to compose a large orchestral work.
He was particularly aggrieved because, as he put it, he had been so careful to demonstrate his loyalty to the new regime while not antagonizing any of its increasingly divided partisans: "I haven't wanted to sell myself either to the 'movement' party or to the 'resistance' ..." (23) At the moment he wrote this letter, Monfalcon was also having to digest another major disappointment: he had been thwarted in his hope to be named editor of the Precurseur, the liberal newspaper whose heroic defiance of Charles X's attempted constitutional coup had made it the symbol of the 1830 Revolution in Lyon.
The 1830 Revolution and the rise of republicanism marked the midpoint in the city's universalizing power.
Lyons was one of the first Continental European cities to undergo the upheavals associated with urbanization and industrialization, and its cultural field was large enough to support a small community of journalists and a significant number of newspapers between the 1830 revolution and the crackdown on the press of September 1835.
Her performance of this role in an effort to reclaim the throne for her son after the July 1830 revolution seems anticlimactic in the author's narrative, but Margadant does provide good evidence that, for legitimists, the duchess embodied a notion of royal motherhood more consonant with the bourgeois ideals of her time.
In this focus, her work is complementary to Patricia Pilbream's work on the 1830 Revolution (New York, 1991), which studies anticlerical popular protest after 1830, yet differs in that Kroen argues that the struggles between Church and State are to be sought much earlier than hitherto claimed.
He persuaded the leaders of the 1830 revolution to accept Louis Philippe as their monarch, saying the famous words: " Take him, he will make the best of republics.
He left Paris during the turmoils of the 1830 revolution and at twenty headed for London.