World's Columbian Exposition

(redirected from 1893 World's Fair)

World's Columbian Exposition,

held at Chicago, May–Nov., 1893, in commemoration of the 400th anniversary of the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus. Authorized (1890) by Congress, it was planned and completed by a commission headed by Thomas W. Palmer (1830–1913), and the grounds along the Lake Michigan shore were dedicated Oct. 12, 1892. The exposition, known as the White City, comprised 150 buildings of Romanesque, Greek, and Renaissance architecture constructed of staff, a material resembling marble. Among the architects were Charles F. McKim, William R. Mead, and Stanford White, who designed the Agricultural Building; Richard M. Hunt, who designed the Administration Building; and Dankmar Adler and Louis H. Sullivan, who initiated functional architecture with the Transportation Building. Daniel H. Burnham supervised the design and construction; Frederick Law Olmsted, the landscaping. Popularly called the Chicago Fair, the exposition covered 600 acres (243 hectares), attracted exhibitors from 72 countries, and drew over 27 million visitors. It produced an unparalleled surge of creative energy that had an important influence not only in architecture but also on the cultural values of the nation.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"The City Beautiful Movement" inspired by the 1893 World's Fair is the theme of a Chicago tour Friday, July 26.
The Expo 2020 team explains, "Like many items so vital to our world, the zipper was first introduced at a World Expo - the 1893 World's Fair in Chicago.
Williams and Tsien, a husband and wife team, have also designed the Barnes Foundation in Philadelphia, the Phoenix Art Museum and the Logan Center for the Arts in Chicago. Obama's presidential library will be located at Chicago's Jackson Park, where the 1893 World's Fair was held and where the former first couple lived before moving to Washington. "Michelle and I are thrilled that the Obama Presidential Center will be developed in the heart of Chicago's South Side, a community we call home and that means the world to us," Obama said in a statement when the project ( was announced in July 2016.
The Carnegiea gigantea served as our state representative even before we became a state, when a crested specimen plucked from the Sonoran sand anchored a Southwestern exhibit at the 1893 World's Fair. Since then, the icon has cropped up everywhere from the capitol building in Phoenix to the Biltmore Golf Club across town.
The Obama Presidential Center will be built in 500-acre (200-hectare) Jackson Park, which was first developed as the site of the 1893 World's Fair. "We are proud that the center will help spur development in an urban area, and we can't wait to forge new ways to give back to the people of Chicago who have given us so much," Obama said in a statement.
Published in 2003, Larson's nonfiction book is about the architect of Chicago's 1893 World's Fair and a serial killer who used the fair as a setting for his murders.
The Chicago-based Parliament, an international nonsectarian organization, traces its roots to the 1893 World's Fair and the birth of the global interfaith movement, according to a press release.
For the rest of his life, Buffalo Bill had frequent occasion to recall Glasgow with affection, stating that with the single exception of Chicago during the 1893 World's Fair, it had been where he had done his best ever business.
Built as a shuttle for the 1893 World's Fair in Chicago, McDougall's only passenger whaleback, the 362-foot Christopher Columbus, holds the distinction of having transported more passengers than any other vessel on the Great Lakes.
Rydell (Chicago: Chicago Historical Society, 1993); and Revisiting the White City: American Art at the 1893 World's Fair, essays by Robert W.
The first line, today known as the Green Line, ran through the developed South Side and, at the southern reach, provided access to the 1893 World's Fair. Extending north on what is now known as the Brown Line, railroad townships and farming communities were newly connected to the city center by mass transit.
A young Boston engineer, William Henry Merrill, showed with his work at the Chicago 1893 World's Fair that scientific methods--Know by Test and State the Facts--could greatly diminish these perils.