Easter Rising

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Easter Rising

 

(in Russian, Irish Rebellion of 1916), a national liberation uprising (April 24–30) against domination by English imperialists. The direct causes of the rising were the dissatisfaction of the masses with the delay in implementing the Home Rule Act of 1914 and the act’s half measures, repressions against members of the national movement, and the new burdens put on the Irish workers as a result of Great Britain’s participation in World War I (1914–18).

The most active role in the rising was played by the Irish working class and its armed organization, the Irish Citizen Army, headed by J. Connolly. Representatives of the petite bourgeoisie and intelligentsia also took part in the rising.

Dublin was the main arena of the rising, and it was there that the rebels proclaimed an Irish republic on April 24 and formed a provisional government. There also were local outbreaks in Dublin and the adjacent counties, in the towns of Enniscorthy (County Wexford) and Athenry (County Galway), and in several other places.

After six days of fighting, the rising was suppressed with exceptional severity. Nearly all the leaders of the rebellion were shot, among them the gravely wounded Connolly. The rank-and-file rebels were exiled from the country. Despite the defeat, the Easter Rising contributed to the development of the national liberation struggle in Ireland.

REFERENCES

Lenin, V. I. Poln. sobr. sock, 5th ed., vol. 30, pp. 52–57.
Remerova, O. I. Irlandskoe vosslanie 1916 g.Leningrad, 1954. (Synopsis of thesis.)
Kolpakov, A. D. “Krasnaia paskha.” Voprosy islorii, 1966, no. 4.
Greaves, C. D. The Easier Rising as History.London, 1966.

L. I. GOL’MAN

Easter Rising

unsuccessful Irish revolt against British (1916). [Irish Hist.: EB, III: 760–761]
References in periodicals archive ?
Police say dissidents are planning more violence in the run-up to the centenary of the 1916 Easter Rising.
Police have warned that dissidents are planning a surge of violence in the run-up to the centenary of the 1916 Easter Rising against British rule in Dublin.
But these detainees only stayed a few months and were replaced by around 1,800 Irish dissidents interned by the British in the aftermath of the June 1916 Easter Rising in Dublin, with others transferred from other prisons in England.
It took the blunders of the 1916 Easter Rising to fatally undermine the Union with Ireland, and one can hardly blame Chamberlain for that.
The Government wish to implement a significant project at Kilmainham as part of the commemoration of the 1916 Easter Rising.
Despite the fact that Irish enlistment in the British Army during the Great War exceeded even nominal membership figures of the Irish Volunteers during the revolutionary period, the transformation of nationalist sentiment in the wake of the 1916 Easter Rising meant that the latter were upheld as selfless heroes, while Irish veterans were marginalised as British lackeys.
Although he was one of five men who planned the 1916 Easter Rising to gain Irish independence from Great Britain, Diarmuid Lynch has largely been forgotten.
1916: What The People Saw is a historical anthology of civilian eyewitness accounts of the 1916 Easter Rising (an armed rebellion in Ireland against British rule, staged during Easter Week).
40pm Fact-based drama focusing on the life of the Irish radical Michael Collins who rose to prominence after his involvement in the 1916 Easter Rising against British rule.
A statement from the terrorist group was read by a masked man on Monday in a Londonderry cemetery at a rally organised by the 32 County Sovereignty Movement to mark the anniversary of the 1916 Easter Rising.