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A nucleic acid constituent (see illustration) of all animal, microbial, and plant cells; also known as 2- d -deoxyribose. Deoxyribose is enzymically formed in living cells by reduction of ribonucleoside di- or triphosphate. The four deoxyribose nucleotides, containing adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine, are the major constituents of the deoxyribonucleic acids (DNA), which control the hereditary characteristics of every living organism. See Deoxyribonucleic acid (dna), Nucleic acid, Ribose

Formulas of 2- D -deoxyribose (α- D -2-deoxyribofuranose)enlarge picture
Formulas of 2- D -deoxyribose (α- D -2-deoxyribofuranose)
McGraw-Hill Concise Encyclopedia of Bioscience. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a carbohydrate belonging to the deoxy-sugars. Part of the deoxyribonucleic acids, it consists of crystals and has a molecular weight of 134.1 and a melting point of 78°-82° C. Its structural formula is

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


C5H10O4 A pentose sugar in which the hydrogen replaces the hydroxyl groups of ribose; a major constituent of deoxyribonucleic acid.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
For this assay, 1mL of Haber-Weiss reaction mixture (2-deoxyribose, Fe(III) chloride, EDTA, and [H.sub.2][O.sub.2]) was added with plant extract, and the reaction was started by adding ascorbic acid and incubated for 1 hour at 37[degrees]C.
* Scavenging of hydroxyl radicals: The radiation and [FeSO.sub.4] generated OH radicals quenched by RH-3 were estimated using 2-deoxyribose as the marker substrate (Gutteridge 1981).
KYNA has been shown to scavenge hydroxyl radicals; it is able to prevent radicals-induced malondialdehyde formation from 2-deoxyribose [79-82].