isopropyl alcohol

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isopropyl alcohol:

see isopropanolisopropanol,
 isopropyl alcohol,
or 2-propanol
, (CH3)2CHOH, a colorless liquid that is miscible with water. It melts at −89°C; and boils at 82.3°C;. It is poisonous if taken internally.
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Isopropyl Alcohol


2-propanol, the simplest secondary aliphatic alcohol, CH3CH(OH)CH3.

Isopropyl alcohol is a colorless liquid with a characteristic odor. Melting point, — 89.5°C; boiling point, 82.4°C; density, 0.7851 g/cm3 (20°C); flash point, 11.7°C; lower volume explosive limit in air, 2.5 percent by volume (25“C). Isopropyl alcohol is miscible in all proportions with water and organic solvents, with water forming an azeotrope (87.9 percent isopropyl alcohol; boiling point, 83.38°C). Isopropyl alcohol has all the properties of a secondary aliphatic alcohol.

Industrially, isopropanol is made by the direct or sulfuric-acid hydration of propylene. The raw material is the propane-propylene cut of cracked gas or the propylene fraction of petroleum pyrolysis. Isopropyl alcohol is used chiefly in making acetone (by dehydrogenation or incomplete oxidation), as a solvent (for example, of essential oils and resins), and as a component in antifreeze mixtures.

isopropyl alcohol

[¦ī·sə′prō·pəl ′al·kə‚hȯl]
(organic chemistry)
(CH3)2CHOH A colorless liquid that boils at 82.4°C; soluble in water, ether, and ethanol; used in manufacturing of acetone and its derivatives, of glycerol, and as a solvent. Also known as isopropanol; 2-propanol; sec-propyl alcohol.
References in periodicals archive ?
On the other hand, the reaction of 13 with 2 equivalents of pyridinium p-toluenesulfonate (PPTS) [14] in 2-propanol at 50[degrees]C for 48 h afforded a mixture of compounds 1a/1b (53% yield) in a 1:1 ratio, together another compound (27%) still containing only one protective methoxymethoxy group.
Figure 3 shows typical CVs of 2-Propanol electro-oxidation onto Pt loaded C-felt support and modified electrochemically prepared PANI at different thickness at scan rate 50 mV.
15 K: 2-propanol + 2-butanona, 2-propanol + acetato de etilo y etanol + octano; El [V.
01 mM) in 2-propanol and the different dilutions of NaOH (75, 50, 25, 10 mM) in 2-propanol/methanol (99:1 v/v) mixture were prepared.
Further study on the photochemistry of non-ortho substituted PCBs by UV irradiation in alkaline 2-propanol.
Given the solvents with a lower boiling point, mesitylene (163[degrees]C) and 2-propanol (82[degrees]C), the MXDA yield decreased with reaction temperature.
Samples from 2001 were archived in 95% ethanol, and those from 1999 were archived in 70% 2-propanol.
Then they were rinsed with distilled water or 75% 2-propanol.
Solvents such as xylenes, cyclohexane, and 2-propanol were purchased from Aldrich and used without further purification.
2 g; Sigma), 15 mL of glacial acetic acid (Mallinckrodt),15 mL of 2-propanol (Mallinckrodt), 720 mL of methanol (Fisher), and 250 mL of hexane (Fisher).
0A 160 Table 3 -- Viscosities of Pregels Made With Different Activators With or Without Water Organoclay Plant 1 Organoclay Plant 2 Chemical Activator Brookfield Viscosity, mPa*s, @ 50 rpm 2-Propanol 180 68 2-Propanol/[H.
I have successfully shown that dielectric friction can account for the changes in ion mobility that are observed in aqueous-organic media consisting of methanol, acetonitrile, ethanol and 2-propanol.