The organistaion's 2001 Mars Odyssey
spacecraft will play a pivotal role in transmitting InSight's information during surface operations along with the MRO, NASA's Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution mission (MAVEN) and the European Space Agency's Trace Gas Orbiter.
NASA's Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) and India's Mars Orbiter Mission joined the 2003 Mars Express from ESA (the European Space Agency) and two from NASA: the 2001 Mars Odyssey
and the 2006 Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO).
NASA also has two orbiters in operation: the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, which uses radar, spectrometers and cameras to analyze surface conditions and weather on the Red Planet; and the 2001 Mars Odyssey
, which is searching for evidence of past water or volcanic activity.
NASA's Mars missions include the Orbiter, 2001 Mars Odyssey
, two robots named Spirit and Opportunity that landed on opposite sides of the red planet in 2004, the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter with a powerful camera, and the Mars Science Laboratory slated for next year.
The final piece of the puzzle comes from 2001 Mars Odyssey
's Neutron Spectrometer observations.
The antenna transmits data to the Mars Global Surveyor and 2001 Mars Odyssey
spacecraft for later relay to Earth.
NASA's 2001 Mars Odyssey
Meanwhile, NASA's 2001 Mars Odyssey
spacecraft is well on its way after a successful launch.
Two of them are red-planet veterans: Mars Global Surveyor (MGS), whose camera continues to capture surrealistic close-ups of gullies, mesas, and dune fields; and 2001 Mars Odyssey
, which maps the planet's mineralogy.
Mars Global Surveyor and 2001 Mars Odyssey
continue to function in orbit around the red planet.
From the perspective of scientists who study the latest results from orbiting missions such as Mars Global Surveyor and 2001 Mars Odyssey
, the observations are often baffling.