Mars Odyssey

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Mars Odyssey

A US probe, launched Apr. 7 2001, that was part of NASA's Mars Exploration Program, a long-term series of crewless investigations of Mars. It reached Mars in Oct. 2001 and commenced its primary mission to map the chemical makeup of the planet and scout out likely places where water or ice might be found by future probes searching for evidence of past life. Odyssey's primary mission ended on Aug. 24 2004 after well over 10 000 orbits, and it embarked upon an extended mission. During its first 34 months in orbit, Odyssey discovered ice just below the surface at the Martian poles and investigated the radiation environment in low Mars orbit, thereby aiding the assessment of radiation risk to future human spaceflight missions to the planet. In addition to its science activities, Odyssey served as a communications relay for the Mars Exploration Rovers Spirit and Opportunity. It would continue this role during its extended mission.
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The organistaion's 2001 Mars Odyssey spacecraft will play a pivotal role in transmitting InSight's information during surface operations along with the MRO, NASA's Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution mission (MAVEN) and the European Space Agency's Trace Gas Orbiter.
NASA's Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) and India's Mars Orbiter Mission joined the 2003 Mars Express from ESA (the European Space Agency) and two from NASA: the 2001 Mars Odyssey and the 2006 Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO).
NASA also has two orbiters in operation: the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, which uses radar, spectrometers and cameras to analyze surface conditions and weather on the Red Planet; and the 2001 Mars Odyssey, which is searching for evidence of past water or volcanic activity.
NASA's Mars missions include the Orbiter, 2001 Mars Odyssey, two robots named Spirit and Opportunity that landed on opposite sides of the red planet in 2004, the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter with a powerful camera, and the Mars Science Laboratory slated for next year.
The final piece of the puzzle comes from 2001 Mars Odyssey's Neutron Spectrometer observations.
The antenna transmits data to the Mars Global Surveyor and 2001 Mars Odyssey spacecraft for later relay to Earth.
NASA's 2001 Mars Odyssey -- http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2001/ast18oct_1.htm?list474514
Meanwhile, NASA's 2001 Mars Odyssey spacecraft is well on its way after a successful launch.
Two of them are red-planet veterans: Mars Global Surveyor (MGS), whose camera continues to capture surrealistic close-ups of gullies, mesas, and dune fields; and 2001 Mars Odyssey, which maps the planet's mineralogy.
Mars Global Surveyor and 2001 Mars Odyssey continue to function in orbit around the red planet.
From the perspective of scientists who study the latest results from orbiting missions such as Mars Global Surveyor and 2001 Mars Odyssey, the observations are often baffling.