Of them, 2 patients were with normal result, 1 was with nonspecific change of increased 3-hydroxybutyric acid indicating ketonuria, and another was with increased levels of lactate, 3-methylglutaconic acid, and 3-hydroxypropionic acid
This test reveals markedly elevated methylmalonic acid and elevated methylcitrate, propionic acid, and 3-hydroxypropionic acid
in patients with MMA.
The team has demonstrated the successful conversion of 3-hydroxypropionic acid (3-HP), to glacial acrylic acid and superabsorbent polymers.
In July 2013, the partners successfully demonstrated the production of 3-hydroxypropionic acid (3-HP), one possible precursor to acrylic acid, at pilot scale.
These include ethanol, n- and iso-butanol, poly(hydroxyalkanoates), lactic acid, 3-hydroxypropionic acid, diacids (such as succinic, fumaric, and adipic), diols (such as 1,4-butanediol and 1,3-propanediol), isoprene, farnesene, and other olefins from alcohol dehydration: ethylene, propylene, and butadiene.
(24) Cargill, together with Novozymes and BASF, and OPX Biotechnologies, together with Dow Chemical, are pursuing a fermentation route to 3-hydroxypropionic acid, which readily dehydrates to acrylic acid.
The research team then used hydrogen gas to create a chemical reaction in the microorganism that incorporates CO2 into 3-hydroxypropionic acid
, a common industrial chemical used to make acrylics and other products.
They then used hydrogen gas to create a chemical reaction that converts CO2 into a common industrial chemical, 3-hydroxypropionic acid
, which is used to make acrylics and other products.
Taking just a two examples from the list in Table 1, glycerol and 3-hydroxypropionic acid
, it can be seen how many important chemical streams can be obtained from each.
Department of Energy (DOE) awarded $1.5 million in funding to Cargill and Novozymes for the development of a route to acrylic acid based on 3-hydroxypropionic acid
(3HPA) produced via fermentation of sugar.
Increased excretion of propan-l,3-diol and 3-hydroxypropionic acid
apparently caused by abnormal bacterial metabolism in the gut.