Judas Iscariot (ĭskârˈēət)
, Jesus' betrayer, possibly from the village of Kerioth, the only Judaean disciple among the Twelve, and, according to the Gospel of St. John, their treasurer. Judas went to the chief priests and offered to betray Jesus, for which he was paid the sum of 30 pieces of silver. After the Last Supper he led an armed band to Gethsemane and there identified Jesus to the soldiers by kissing him. Later, according to the Gospel of St. Matthew, he repented of this act of betrayal and killed himself. The blood money went to buy a potter's field, Aceldama
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
(also Scariot—“a man from the city of Kerioth”), according to biblical mythology, one of the 12 disciples (apostles) of Jesus Christ, the one who betrayed his teacher to the Jerusalem authorities for 30 pieces of silver.
In the Gospels and the Acts of the Apostles various versions of Judas Iscariot’s betrayal and death are given. The story of Judas was developed in apocryphal literature and in medieval mysteries. The image of Judas Iscariot, who has become a symbol of betrayal, found its reflection in medieval and Renaissance art (usually portraying the Last Supper or Judas as he identified Jesus Christ to the guards with a kiss—hence the expression “the kiss of Judas”) and literature (Dante).
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
apostle who betrays Jesus. [N.T.: Matthew 26:15]
betrays Jesus for a bribe of thirty pieces of silver. [N.T.: Matthew 26:15]
led armed band to Gethsemane and showed them which one was Jesus. [N.T.: Matthew 26:46–50; Mark 14:42–45; Luke 22:47–48; John 18:1–8]
so depicted in art. [Christian Icon.: Gaster, 165]
betrayer of Jesus. [N.T.: Matthew 26:14-16, 20–25, 47–56; 27:3–10]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.